Adsorption of reactive dyes from aqueous solutions by tannery sludge developed activated carbon: Kinetic and equilibrium studies|
Geethakarthi, A. & Phanikumar, B. R.
Adsorption kinetic and equilibrium studies of two reactive dyes, namely, Reactive Red 31 and Reactive Red 2 were conducted. The equilibrium studies were conducted for various operational parameters such as initial dye concentration, pH, agitation speed, adsorbent dosage and temperature. The initial dye concentration was varied from 10 - 60 mg/L, pH from 2 - 11, agitation speed from 100-140 rpm, adsorbent dosage from 0.5 g to 2.5 g and temperature from 30 °C -50 °C respectively. The activated carbon of particle size 600 μm was developed from preliminary tannery sludge. The dye removal capacity of the two reactive red dyes decreased with increasing pH. The zero point charge for the sludge carbon was 9.0 and 7.0 for the two dyes, respectively. Batch kinetic data investigations on the removal of reactive dyes using tannery sludge activated carbon have been well described by the lagergren plots. It was suggested that the Pseudo second order adsorption mechanism was predominant for the sorption of the reactive dyes onto the tannery sludge based carbon. Thus, the adsorption phenomenon was suggested as a chemical process. The adsorption data fitted well with Langmuir model than the Freundlich model. The maximum adsorption capacity(q0) from Langmuir isotherm were found to have increased in the range of 23.15-39.37 mg/g and 47.62-55.87 mg/g for reactive dyes reactive red 31 and reactive red 2, respectively.
Adsorbent; Lagergren plot; Langmuir isotherm; Surface area; Zero point charge