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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 9, No. 2, 2012, pp. 267-280
Bioline Code: st12028
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2012, pp. 267-280

 en Effects of flow rate and chemical oxygen demand removal characteristics on power generation performance of microbial fuel cells
Juang, D.F.; Yang, P.C. & Kuo, T.H.

Abstract

Two microbial fuel cells with different oxygen supplies in the cathodic chamber were constructed. Electrogenic capabilities of both cells were compared under the same operational conditions. Results showed that binary quadratic equations can express the relationships between COD degradation rate and COD loading and between COD removal rate and COD loading in both cells. Good linear relationships between power output (voltage or power density) and flow rate and between power output and COD degradation rate were only found on the cell with mechanical aeration in the cathodic chamber, not on the cell with algal photosynthesis in the cathodic chamber. The relationships between power output and COD removal rate and between power output and effluent COD concentration on both cells can be expressed as binary quadratic equations. The optimum flow rates to obtain higher power density and higher Coulombic efficiency in the cell with mechanical aeration in the cathodic chamber (= 0.85 mW/m2 and 0.063%) and in the cell with algal photosynthesis in the cathodic chamber (= 0.65 mW/m2 and 0.05%) are about 1000 and 1460 μL/min, respectively. The optimum COD removal rates to obtain higher power density and higher Coulombic efficiency in the cell with mechanical aeration in the cathodic chamber (= 1.2 mW/m2 and 0.064%) and in the cell with algal photosynthesis in the cathodic chamber (= 0.81 mW/m2 and 0.051%) are about 40.5 and 36.5 %, respectively.

Keywords
Anodic chamber; Cathodic chamber; Coulombic efficiency; Power density; Proton

 
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