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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 9, No. 2, 2012, pp. 361-370
Bioline Code: st12037
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2012, pp. 361-370

 en Soil chemical changes resulting from irrigating with petrochemical effluents
Sharma, N.K.; Bhardwaj, S.; Srivastava, P.K.; Thanki, Y.J.; Gadhia, P.K. & Gadhia, M.

Abstract

Irrigating food crops with treated wastewater is a popular management option in India. This study evaluated the impacts of land application of treated petrochemical effluent on soil chemical properties. Soil samples were collected from different depths from sites irrigated with petrochemical effluent for 2 years and from control sites. The effluent collected was analysed for different physic–chemical properties and its impact on Lagenaria siceraria check for this species in other resources (Bottle gourd) growth. 100% concentrated effluent was used for the study and compared with the control. It was observed that application of effluent significantly increased the major cations and anions in the field. On the basis of the study, it may be suggested that treated petrochemical effluent can be used as an alternate source for irrigating crops as it increases the nutrient content of the soil. The overall application indicates a lavishing growth of L. siceraria crop in petrochemical irrigated soil than control sites. This study provides information for better understanding of changes in soil properties due to land application of petrochemical effluent. These changes must be considered in developing possible criteria for preserving delicate ecosystems.

Keywords
Soil quality; Heavy metal; Petrochemical industries; Wastewater

 
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