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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 10, No. 6, 2013, pp. 1337-1348
Bioline Code: st13130
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 10, No. 6, 2013, pp. 1337-1348

 en Efficient removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions using autohydrolyzed Scots Pine ( Pinus Sylvestris check for this species in other resources ) sawdust as adsorbent
Sidiras, D.; Politi, D.; Batzias, F. & Boukos, N.

Abstract

In this work, a low-cost lignocellulosic adsorbent with high biosorption capacity is proposed, suitable for the efficient removal of hexavalent chromium from water and wastewater media. The adsorbent was produced by autohydrolyzing Scots Pine ( Pinus Sylvestris check for this species in other resources ) sawdust. The effect of the autohydrolysis conditions, i.e., pretreatment time and temperature, on hexavalent chromium biosorption was investigated using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and UV-visible spectrophotometry. The Freundlich, Langmuir, Sips, Radke-Prausnitz, Modified Radke-Prausnitz, Tóth, UNILAN, Temkin and Dubinin- Radushkevich adsorption capacities and the rate constant values for pseudo-first- and pseudo-second-order kinetics indicated that the autohydrolyzed material exhibits significantly enhanced hexavalent chromium adsorption properties comparing with the untreated sawdust. The Freundlich's adsorption capacity KF increased from 2.276 to 8.928 (mg g-1)(L mg-1)1/n, and the amount of hexavalent chromium adsorbed at saturation (Langmuir constant qm ) increased from 87.4 to 345.9 mg g-1 , indicating that autohydrolysis treatment at 240°C for 50 min optimizes the adsorption behavior of the lignocellulosic material.

Keywords
Biomass; Biosorption; Heavy metals; Lignocellulosic; Modification

 
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