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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 10, No. 6, 2013, pp. 1357-1366
Bioline Code: st13132
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 10, No. 6, 2013, pp. 1357-1366

 en Removal of humic acid from peat water using untreated powdered eggshell as a low cost adsorbent
Zulfikar, M. A.; Novita, E.; Hertadi, R. & Djajanti, S. D.

Abstract

The main objective of this study is to investigate the possibility of powdered eggshell used as an adsorbent material for removal of humic acid from peat water. The influences of contact time, dose of eggshells, pH, and temperature were the factors considered in the removal processes of humic acid from peat water. In addition, adsorption isotherms of humic acid onto the powdered eggshell were also evaluated with the Langmuir and Freundlich approximations. Our results showed that the equilibrium of the process was eventually established after 60 min of the contact time, and also found that using 5 g of the powdered eggshell nearly 95 % of humic acid has been successfully removed from the peat water. The removal of humic acid gave better result when it was conducted at low pH, and it was almost unaffected the temperatures variation. The data was well fitted to Freundlich isotherm with the correlation coefficient of not <0.999, and could uptake the humic acid about 126.58 mg/g at pH 4.01, estimated from the Langmuir model. The kinetic experimental data proportionally correlated with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model with a rate constant in the range of 0.016-0.112 g mg -1 min -1 , while intra-particle-diffusion were the main rate determining step in the humic acid removal process. The powdered eggshell investigated in this study, thus, exhibited as a high potential adsorbent for the removal of humic acid from peat water.

Keywords
Adsorption; Calcium carbonate; Isotherm; Kinetics

 
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