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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 11, No. 2, 2014, pp. 263-268
Bioline Code: st14027
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2014, pp. 263-268

 en A poly-ε-caprolactone based biofilm carrier for nitrate removal from water
Rodrigues, A. L.; Machado, A. V.; No´brega, J. M.; Albuquerque, A.; Brito, A. G. & Nogueira, R.

Abstract

Nitrate removal from water has been accomplished by heterotrophic biofilms using organic carbon as a source of reducing power. To overcome the natural limitation in organic carbon in water, a poly-ε-caprolactone based biofilm carrier that serves simultaneously as a biofilm carrier and as a source of organic carbon was developed and tested in the present work. The feasibility of the new biofilm carrier for nitrate removal from water was evaluated in a packed bed reactor. The combination of size and structure provided a carrier element having high surface area and void volume, 1,170 m2/m3 and 67 %, respectively. A maximum denitrification rate of 4.4 mg N–NO3 -/(L.h) (9.2 mg N–NO3 -/(m2.h)) was achieved in the packed bed reactor at 20 oC and pH 7.0. Main advantages of the biofilm carrier developed in the present work are its mechanical stability in water even after biofilm formation and controlled release of organic carbon by enzymatic reactions. The proposed biotechnology to remove nitrate from groundwater is robust and easy to operate. to remove

Keywords
Biodegradable polymer; Biofilm; Denitrification; Packed bed reactor; Solid carbon source

 
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