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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 11, No. 2, 2014, pp. 509-516
Bioline Code: st14051
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2014, pp. 509-516

 en Anaerobic co-digestion of sanitary wastewater and kitchen solid waste for biogas and fertilizer production under ambient temperature: waste generated from condominium house
Minale, M. & Worku, T.

Abstract

Addis Ababa is one of the fastest growing cities where high urbanization has become a challenge. Consequently, housing shortage is a big problem of the city. The municipality has launched a huge Condominium Housing Programme in response to the problem. However, sanitary wastewater and solid waste management are the critical problems to those houses. The wastes were collected and evaluated for its biogas production and fertilizer potential to solve the foreseen waste management problems. The physicochemical characteristics of the collected wastes were determined. A laboratory scale batch anaerobic codigestion of both wastes with different mix ratio of 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75, and 0:100 by volume [sanitary wastewater (TS = 7,068 mg/L):kitchen organic solid waste (TS = 56, 084 mg/L)]were carried out at ambient temperature for 30 days. The amount of biogas and methane produced over the digestion period for those mixing ratios were compared. The highest biogas yield obtained from a mix ratio of 25:75 was 65.6 L, and the lowest from a mix ratio of 100:0 was 9.5 L. The percentage of methane gas in the biogas was between 19.8 and 52.8 %. From the study results, it is evidenced that the mixing ratio 25:75 produced the maximum quantity of biogas and methane. With regard to the fertilizer potential of the digested sludge, composting and sun drying process were helpful for land application by inactivating the pathogen.

Keywords
Condominium house; Mixing ratio; Biogas; Compost; Fertilizer

 
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