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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 11, No. 3, 2014, pp. 695-702
Bioline Code: st14068
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2014, pp. 695-702

 en Chelate-assisted phytoextraction of cadmium from a mine soil by negatively charged sunflower
Tahmasbian, I. & Safari Sinegani, A. A.

Abstract

The effects of some chelating agents and electricity on cadmium phytoextraction from a mine soil were examined in pot culture of sunflower to achieve more remediation efficiency. At the beginning of the flowering stage, ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) as a chemical chelator, cow manure extract (CME) and poultry manure extract (PME) as organic chelators were applied (2 g kg-1 soil) during irrigation. Seven days later, Helianthus annuus check for this species in other resources was negatively charged by inserting a stainless steel needle in the lowest part of the stem with 10 and 30 V direct current electricity for 1 h each day for 14 days. Afterward, concentration of cadmium in roots and shoots, cadmium translocation factor (TF), cadmium uptake index (UI) and soil available (diethylene-triaminepenta- acetic acid extractable) cadmium were measured. Results indicated that EDTA reduced roots dry weight while none of the roots and shoots was affected by other chelating agents and by electrical treatment as well. Highest concentration of cadmium in shoots was measured in 10 V-control with no significant differences with 30 VPME and 30 V-EDTA. Utilization of chelating agents did not increase the cadmium TF and cadmium UI while highest values for cadmium TF and cadmium UI were observed in 10 and 30 V treatments, respectively. Available cadmium in the soil near root system treated with 10 and 30 V was relatively lower compared with the soil far from root system. Results of this experiment indicated that charging the plant with direct current electricity ameliorated the efficiency of cadmium phytoremediation.

Keywords
Contaminated soil; Electrokinetic; Helianthus annuus; Phytoremediation

 
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