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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 11, No. 7, 2014, pp. 2025-2036
Bioline Code: st14198
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 11, No. 7, 2014, pp. 2025-2036

 en Response of sediment-dwelling annelida community in relation to geochemical parameters in the Gorgan Bay, Caspian Sea
Bastami, K.D.; Taheri, M.; Bagheri, H.; Foshtomi, M.Y.; Ganji, S.; Haghparast, S.; Soltani, F.; Hamzehpoor, A. & Karimi, B.

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the population of annelida communities in relation to environmental factors and heavy metals accumulated in sediments of the Gorgan Bay. The pollution load index and potential ecological risk (PER) were calculated. The results indicated mean concentrations (ppm) of heavy metals were (mean ± SD) Pb: 11.5 ± 4.88, Cu: 18 ± 8.83, Zn: 42 ± 22.15, Ni: 29.20 ± 14.68, Co: 10.56 ± 14.68, As: 7.77 ± 2.12, Sr: 1,449 ± 902.59 and V: 26.64 ± 10.25. Considering PER, sediments of the Gorgan Bay had low ecological risk. Based on abundance data, dominant species were Streblospio gynobranchiata check for this species in other resources , Nereis diversicolor check for this species in other resources , Tubificoides fraseri check for this species in other resources and Tubificidae check for this species in other resources unknown, respectively. Results of redundancy analysis displayed that T. fraseri and N. diversicolor were associated with high values of Sr. All the species were negatively correlated with As. There were positive correlation between S. gynobranchiata and N. diversicolor with values of clay, salinity, depth and silt. The present study provided the relative importance of heavy metals and environmental variables which partly assist in structuring assemblages of annelida in a transitional area.

Keywords
Annelida; Environment; Redundancy analysis; Potential ecological risk; Heavy metals; Gorgan Bay; Caspian Sea

 
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