The potential of carbon dioxide emission reductions in German commercial transport by electric vehicles|
Ketelaer, T.; Kaschub, T.; Jochem, P. & Fichtner, W.
Climate change is a serious challenge of today.
In order to reach the ambiguous mitigation scenarios for
greenhouse gases, strong efforts are to be undertaken.
Electric vehicles are seen as a potential mean to reduce
emissions and energy import dependencies of most western
societies. So far, the progress toward more electric vehicles
in individual passenger transport is still slow. The objective
to increase the share of electric vehicles of many national
governments seems to be rather ambitious. In commercial
transport, mileage is usually higher, trips are planned more
precisely, and driving patterns are more regular than those
of private vehicles. With these and other promising factors,
we assume a high potential of electric vehicles in commercial
transport. Therefore, we analyze in this paper the
commercial transport in Germany and especially the large
share of light commercial vehicles in order to make these
potentials explicit. Based on German survey data, we
analyze the heterogeneous German economic sectors with
top-down statistical values like daily distance categories
and bottom-up values like driving and parking behaviors.
By way of example, German postal services are evaluated
in detail, which leads to an electrification potential of
between 60,750 and 105,550 vehicles. In case of “green”
electricity for charging, postal services can avoid up to
882,000 tCO2/a, which is about 40–70 %.
Emission reduction potential; Electric mobility; Commercial transport in Germany; Sectoral analysis; Postal services