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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 12, No. 4, 2015, pp. 1283-1294
Bioline Code: st15118
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 4, 2015, pp. 1283-1294

 en Arsenic(III) removal from aqueous solution by raw and zincloaded pine cone biochar: equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamics studies
Van Vinh, N.; Zafar, M.; Behera, S.K. & Park, H.S.


The potential of raw pine cone (PC) biochar and its modified form (Zn-loaded biochar) was evaluated for the removal of trivalent arsenic [As(III)] from the aqueous solution. The influence of treatment of PC biochar with Zn(NO3)2 on the physico-chemical properties of biochar was examined using elemental analyzer, surface area analyzer, thermo-gravimetric analyzer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Experimental results revealed that the removal of As(III) was almost consistent (66.08 ± 3.94 and 87.62 ± 3.88 % on raw and Zn-loaded biochar, respectively) over an acidic pH range of 2–4 as a consequence of high affinity between the positively charged biochar surface and the predominant arsenic species (H3AsO3 and H2AsO4 -), followed by a decrease with increase in pH in the range of 4–12. Langmuir isotherm model was well fitted to the experimental equilibrium data (R2 = 0.93) rendering the maximum adsorption capacity of 5.7 and 7.0 μg g-1 on raw and Zn-loaded PC biochar, respectively. The adsorption of As(III) was well represented by pseudo-second order with reaction rate constant (k2) of 0.040 and 0.282 mg g-1 min on raw and zinc-loaded PC biochar, respectively, and was mainly controlled by boundary layer diffusion followed by some extent of intra-particle diffusion. The adsorption process was spontaneous with Gibb’s free energy (ΔG°, -4.42 ± 0.72 and -11.86 ± 1.78 kJ mol-1) and exothermic in nature with enthalpy (ΔH°, 13.25 and 31.10 kJ mol-1) and entropy (ΔS°, 0.058 and 0.141 kJ mol-1 K-1) for raw and zinc-loaded adsorbent, respectively.

Pine cone; Biochar; Arsenic removal; Equilibrium; Kinetics; Thermodynamic

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