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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 12, No. 5, 2015, pp. 1727-1736
Bioline Code: st15161
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 5, 2015, pp. 1727-1736

 en Two-phase anaerobic co-digestion of used vegetable oils’ wastes and pig manure
Hidalgo, D.; Gó;mez, M.; Martín-Marroquín, J.M.; Aguado, A. & Sastre, E.

Abstract

The purpose of this work was to study the anaerobic co-digestion of all the by-products generated during the processing of used vegetable oils (UVO) with the objective of proposing a solution for the treatment of these wastes. More specifically, this study investigates the advantages of two-phase anaerobic digestion for treating a mixture (1/5 v/v) of UVO processing wastes (OW) and pig manure (PM) using two semi-continuous digesters operated at mesophilic temperature (37 ± 1 °C). The experiments were conducted at hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 days in the first stage (acidifier) and at HRT of 11.5, 15, 18 and 20 days in the second stage (methaniser). The results revealed that the HRT had a high influence on the soluble chemical oxygen demand (sCOD) and total dissolved solids (TDS) removal. The maximum total sCOD removal efficiency of 86.4 % and TDS removal efficiency of 81.9 % was achieved at 20 days of global HRT. The maximum biogas production of 0.65 m3 per kilogramme of volatile dissolved solids (VDS) was removed, corresponding to a methane production of 0.42 m3 CH4 kg-1. VDS removed (65 % CH4) was also achieved at 20 days of HRT. The two-phase digestion system showed good stability, which was mainly attributed to the strong buffering capacity with the two-phase system and the high alkalinity from PM when co-digested with OW. The results obtained from this study provide fundamental information for scaling up a high-performance two-phase anaerobic system in the future.

Keywords
Co-digestion; Hydraulic retention time; Oily waste; Pig manure; Two-phase anaerobic reactor; Used vegetable oil

 
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