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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 12, No. 8, 2015, pp. 2559-2566
Bioline Code: st15241
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 8, 2015, pp. 2559-2566

 en Separation of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions by adsorption on the microfungus Ustilago maydis check for this species in other resources
Serrano-Gómez, J. & Olguín, M. T.

Abstract

Cr(VI) adsorption from aqueous solutions on the microfungus Ustilago maydis check for this species in other resources modified with formaldehyde (UmF) was studied as a function of the initial pH, contact time, chromium concentration and temperature. The pH results showed that Cr(VI) adsorption on UmF is higher at acidic pH values and decreases as the pH increases to alkaline values. Cr(VI) adsorption also depends on the chromium concentration and temperature. The Cr(VI) adsorption data as a function of concentration obey the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms at pH values of 2 and 6.5. The maximum sorption capacity of UmF for Cr(VI) at pH 2 was 2.53 × 10-3 mol/g (131.55 mg/g), which is significantly higher than that at pH 6.5 (0.33 9 10-3 mol/g or 17.60 mg/g). The negative value of ΔH° and the positive values of ΔG° indicate that the chromium adsorption process is exothermic and nonspontaneous. The pHpzc value was 5 for UmF and it played a role in the Cr(VI) adsorption.

Keywords
Chromium; Ustilago maydis; Adsorption; Isotherms; Thermodynamic parameters

 
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