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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 12, No. 9, 2015, pp. 3029-3038
Bioline Code: st15285
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 9, 2015, pp. 3029-3038

 en Kinetic studies on anaerobic co-digestion of ultrasonic disintegrated feed and biomass and its effect substantiated by microcalorimetry
Priyadarshini, R.; Vaishnavi, L.; Murugan, D.; Sivarajan, M.; Sivasamy, A.; Saravanan, P.; Balasubramanian, N. & Lajapathi Rai, C.

Abstract

Studies were carried out on anaerobic codigestion of primary and secondary excess sludge obtained from tannery effluent treatment plant. Anaerobic biomass collected from a treatment plant was used as the source of micro-organisms. The optimum feed to micro-organism ratio was evaluated as 0.7 on the basis of volatile solids reduction cum gas production. Both feed and anaerobic biomass were subjected to ultrasonic pre-treatment in order to enhance the digestion process. Experiments carried out on batch mode showed significant increase in the gas production for pre-treated feed and biomass. Optimum pretreatment durations were evaluated as 5 min for feed and 3 min for anaerobic biomass. Heat flow analyses of the anaerobic biomass using isothermal microcalorimetry throw light on different stages of digestion process. The effect of ultrasonic pre-treatment on anaerobic biomass was also substantiated using this technique. The heat energy released by pre-treated and untreated anaerobic biomass was evaluated as 16.3 and 7.6 kJ/kg, respectively. Kinetic analysis revealed that the overall rate constant of digestion process increased by 1.5 times due to pre-treatment. However, the initial lag time increased by about 20 % for the optimally pre-treated sample compared to untreated sample. Modified Gompertz equation was used to model, and the parameters were evaluated. The significance of this work lies on energy production (bio gas) and at the same time increasing the maintenance metabolism rate thereby minimizing excess sludge biomass generation.

Keywords
Activated sludge; Anaerobic digestion; Isothermal microcalorimetry; Ultrasonic pre-treatment

 
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