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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 12, No. 11, 2015, pp. 3541-3550
Bioline Code: st15332
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 11, 2015, pp. 3541-3550

 en Isolation of naproxen from wastewater using carbon-based magnetic adsorbents
İlbay, Z.; Şahin, S.; Kerkez, Ö. & Bayazit, Ş. S.

Abstract

Naproxen is one of the mostly used drugs worldwide and is most abundant in wastewater. This study aims to adsorb naproxen from wastewater using magnetically modified carbon-based adsorbents. These adsorbents have very large specific area for naproxen adsorption, and magnetite modification provides easy separation and regeneration. The co-precipitation method was used for magnetic modification. Adsorption process was carried out in batches. The effect of adsorption variables was investigated. Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin–Radushkevich isotherms were applied to the equilibrium data. The maximum adsorption capacities of adsorbents from Langmuir isotherm were found as 20.75 mg/g for magnetic multiwall carbon nanotubes and 87.79 mg/g for magnetic activated carbon. Pseudo-first-order kinetic model, pseudosecond- order kinetic model, intra-particle diffusion model, and Bangham model were used for determination of adsorption mechanisms. The rate-limiting step is electron exchange between the adsorbent and adsorbate. Both film diffusion and intra-particle diffusion occur while the adsorption process. ΔG°, ΔS°, and ΔH° were calculated for the process.

Keywords
Drug; Adsorption; Magnetic separation; Carbon nanotubes; Activated carbon

 
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