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International Journal of Environment Science and Technology
Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS)
ISSN: 1735-1472
EISSN: 1735-2630
Vol. 13, No. 2, 2016, pp. 725-731
Bioline Code: st16066
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2016, pp. 725-731

 en Assessment of heavy metals and rheological characteristics of coal ash samples in presence of some selective additives
Pani, G.K.; Rath, P.; Maharana, L.; Barik, R. & Senapati, P. K.


The huge quantity of coal ash produced in Indian thermal power plants is disposed of in ash landfills or ash ponds. The deposition of ash in ash ponds through conventional lean slurry form is viewed as a major potential release of many environmentally sensitive heavy metals due to possible contamination with ground water. An attempt has been made in this paper to assess the leachability of the heavy metals such as Cu, Pb, Ni, Co, Zn, Cd, Hg and As from two Indian power plant ash samples in the presence of some selective low-cost additives. The additives used for the study were sodium silicate (Na2- SiO3∙5H2O), Reetha fruit (botanical name: Sapindus Mukorossi check for this species in other resources ) extract, banana leaf extract, Aloe vera juice and active carbon. By adopting short duration (7 days) batch leaching test and toxicity characteristics leaching procedure (TCLP), the behaviour of various heavy metal ions released in water influenced by small dosage of these selective additives has been analysed. By introducing the same additives, the rheological behaviour of the two fly ash samples at high solids concentration (CW = 55–67.5 % by weight) was carried out using a HAAKE rotational rheometer (model: RheoStress 1, Thermo Fisher Scientific). The influence of small dosage of these additives on rheological parameters of the ash-water slurry has been discussed.

Fly ash; Leaching; Heavy metals; Rheology; Plastic viscosity

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