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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
African Ethnomedicines Network
ISSN: 0189-6016
Vol. 2, No. 1, 2005, pp. 4-12
Bioline Code: tc05003
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2005, pp. 4-12

 en Research Paper - GOSSYPOL CONTENT ON LEAVES AND SEEDS FROM SOME WILD MALVACEAE check for this species in other resources SPECIES.
Angela Sotelo, Hortensia Villavicencio, Irene Montalvo, Ma.Teresa Gonzalez-Garza

Abstract

Ten Malvaceae check for this species in other resources species were analysed for their seed and leaf gossypol content by HPLC. The results showed that gossypol is common in most of the Malvaceae family, but its concentration varies among the species and also among the varieties of the same specie. We found that Hampea integerrina check for this species in other resources Schldt., had two fold more gossypol in its seeds than Gossypium hirsutum check for this species in other resources L., from which the compound was initially isolated and its antifertility effect studied. The toxic effects of gossypol earlier observed against several parasitic protozoa and viruses makes these findings very important, since the Malvaceae specimens studied here have been used in traditional medicine against scalp infection, dysentery, gonorrhea and as antiseptic. On the other hand, it is also noteworthy that in Hibicus sabdariffa check for this species in other resources L., flower, traditionally used in refreshing drinks, no gossypol was detected in its seeds or leaves.

Keywords
Malvaceae, gossypol, Hibicus, Malvaviscus, Hampea, Anoda, Pavonia, Gossypium, Traditional Medicine.

 
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