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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
African Ethnomedicines Network
ISSN: 0189-6016
Vol. 3, No. 3, 2006, pp. 48-58
Bioline Code: tc06036
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2006, pp. 48-58

 en EVALUATION OF ETHNOMEDICAL CLAIMS AND BRINE SHRIMP TOXICITY OF SOME PLANTS USED IN TANZANIA AS TRADITIONAL MEDICINES.
Mainen J.Moshi, Zakaria H.Mbwambo, Ramadhani S.O.Nondo, Pax J.Masimba, Appolinary Kamuhabwa, Modest C.Kapingu, Pascal Thomas, Marco Richard

Abstract

Using information from the literature it has been demonstrated that twenty one (21) plants out of 60 (35%) which are used in traditional medicine, in Tabora region (Western Tanzania), are used elsewhere for the treatment of similar conditions or their claims have proven biological results. Ethanol extracts of some of the plants exhibited low, some intermediate, and some high toxicity against brine shrimps. The brine shrimp assay results for Psorospermum febrifugum check for this species in other resources Spach (Guttiferae) [LC50 12.7μg/ml], agreed with previous reports of established anticancer activity, while for Phyllanthus engleri check for this species in other resources Pax. (Euphorbiaceae) [LC50 0.47μg/ml]they supported literature reports that it is toxic to rabbits and fish. Despite the therapeutic claims, literature reports, and brine shrimp assay results, more rigorous studies are needed to confirm the therapeutic utility of the plants.

Keywords
Ethnomedical claims, Drug discovery approaches, Toxicity.

 
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