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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
African Ethnomedicines Network
ISSN: 0189-6016
Vol. 4, No. 1, 2007, pp. 99-106
Bioline Code: tc07006
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2007, pp. 99-106

 en POTENTIAL OF NEUROPROTECTIVE ANTIOXIDANT-BASED THERAPEUTICS FROM PELTOPHORUM AFRICANUM SOND.( FABACEAE) check for this species in other resources
E. S. Bizimenyera, M. A. Aderogba, J. N. Eloff, and G. E. Swan

Abstract

There is ample scientific and empirical evidence supporting the use of plant-derived antioxidants for the control of neurodegenerative disorders. Antioxidants may have neuroprotective (preventing apoptosis) and neuroregenerative roles, by reducing or reversing cellular damage and by slowing progression of neuronal cell loss. Although demand for phytotherapeutic agents is growing, there is need for their scientific validation before plant-derived extracts gain wider acceptance and use. We have evaluated antioxidant potential of Peltophorum africanum check for this species in other resources (weeping wattle), a plant widespread in the tropics and traditionally used, inter alia, for the relief of acute and chronic pain, anxiety and depression. The dried leaves, bark and root of P. africanum were extracted with acetone. Thin layer chromatograms were sprayed with 0.2% 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) in methanol for screening for antioxidants. Quantification of antioxidant activity was assessed against 6-hydroxy-2, 5,7,8-tetramethylchromane-2-carboxylic acid (Trolox) and L-ascorbic acid (both standard antioxidants), using two free radicals, 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethyl-benzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and DPPH, respectively. Results of our study show that the bark and root extracts had higher antioxidant activity than L-ascorbic acid and Trolox, a synthetic vitamin-E analogue. The respective TEAC (Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity) values for the bark and root extracts, and Trolox were 1.08, 1.28 and 1.0. EC50 values for L-ascorbic acid (5.04 μg/mL) was more active than the leaf 6.54 (μg/mL), but much less active than the bark (4.37 μg/mL) and root (3.82 μg/mL) extracts. Continued work on P. africanum, and other plants rich in antioxidants, may avail neuroscientists with potent neuroprotective antioxidant therapeutics.

Keywords
Antioxidant, Extracts, Neurodegeneration, Neuroprotection, Oxidative stress, Peltophorum africanum

 
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