The methanolic extracts of HIPPOCRATEA INDICA
root bark and Poga oleosa
fruits were investigated for anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities. Both extracts inhibited carrageenan-induced paw oedema significantly in rats in a dose-dependent manner in 4 h. H. indica
inhibited oedema significantly at the minimal dose (125 mg/ml, p< 0.05) from 2 h onward, and gave 100% inhibition in 4 h. at 250 mg/kg. It was shown to be a more potent anti-inflammatory agent than P. oleosa
. Also, H. indica
extract exhibited greater antimicrobial activity against tested bacteria, with Staphylococcus aureus
being the most susceptible bacterium (MIC, 16 mg/ml). Both plants were inactive against Candida albicans
. These results confirm the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activities of the two plants.