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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
African Ethnomedicines Network
ISSN: 0189-6016
Vol. 5, No. 2, 2008, pp. 194-200
Bioline Code: tc08027
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2008, pp. 194-200

 en Evaluation of the Chemical Composition of Dacryodes Edulis check for this species in other resources and Raphia Hookeri Mann and Wendl Exudates Used in Herbal Medicine in South Eastern Nigeria
Okwu, D. E. & Nnamdi, Fred U.

Abstract

The phytochemical contents and medicinal values of Dacryodes Edulis check for this species in other resources and Raphia hookeri check for this species in other resources exudates were investigated. Phytochemical screening of the plant showed that they contain the presence of bioactive compounds comprising saponins (2.08-3.98mg 100g-1), alkaloids (0.28-0.49 mg 100g-1), tannins (0.47-0.72 mg 100g-1), flavonoids (0.26-0.39 mg 100g-1), and phenolic compounds (0.01-0.05 mg 100g-1). The carbohydrates, lipids and protein content were 77.42-78.90%, 2.02-4.185% and 16.63-18.38% respectively. The exudates are a good source of water soluble vitamins; ascorbic acid (7.04-26.40 mg 100g-1), niacin (3.12-4.00 mg 100g-1), riboflavin (0.14-0.54 mg 100g-1) and thiamine (0.15-0.22 mg 100g-1),). Both plants exudates are good sources of minerals such as Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Zn, Cu and Mn while Cr and Co were trace. These results indicate that exudates can be potential sources of feedstock for the pharmaceutical industry.

Keywords
Exudates, Dacroydes edulis, Raphia hookeri, Bioactive compounds, Vitamins, Pharmaceutical agents.

 
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