A Guiding Tool in Unani Tibb for Maintenace and Presevation of Health: A Review Study|
Unani Tibb is a holistic traditional system of medicine. Ever since 1976, WHO has adopted its policy of promoting
traditional medicine, Unani Medicine has enjoyed an upsurge of interest, especially in India, where it has been practiced as
one of the Indian systems of medicine. Ali et al (2007) opined that “in Tibb, ‘temperament’ is a notion of primary
importance, though a difficult theory as it indicates the properties of an atom, a molecule, a cell, a tissue, an organ and
human body as a whole”. Temperament of a person represents its physical constitution and tendencies. It is believed in Tibb
that imbalance in temperament predisposes human body to various diseases by producing a biotic imbalance with in body.
Causes of initial imbalance in temperament lies in more subtle elements of life like air, water, food, rest, activity, work,
evacuation of wastes, sleep etc. To quote Bhika (2006a) “health can be preserved and maintained as long as overall quality
of humours is in harmony with overall quality of the temperament of the individual and humoural balance is influenced by
lifestyle factors.” Hence temperament acts as a guiding force for maintenance and preservation of individuals’ health.
Temperament; Unani; Tibb; Humour; Lifestyle factors