ADVANCES IN THE ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINING THE ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES OF HONEY: A REVIEW|
Moniruzzaman, M; Khalil, M I; Sulaiman, S A & Gan, S H
Free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in contributing to the processes of aging
and disease. In an effort to combat free radical activity, scientists are studying the effects of increasing individuals'
antioxidant levels through diet and dietary supplements. Honey appears to act as an antioxidant in more ways than one. In
the body, honey can mop up free radicals and contribute to better health. Various antioxidant activity methods have been
used to measure and compare the antioxidant activity of honey. In recent years, DPPH (Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl), FRAP
(Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power), ORAC (The Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity), ABTS [2, 2-azinobis (3-
ehtylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diamonium salt], TEAC [6-hydroxy-2, 5, 7, 8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid
(Trolox)-equivalent antioxidant capacity] assays have been used to evaluate antioxidant activity of honey. The antioxidant
activity of honey is also measured by ascorbic acid content and different enzyme assays like Catalase (CAT), Glutathione
Peroxidase (GPO), Superoxide Dismutase (SOD). Among the different methods available, methods that have been validated,
standardized and widely reported are recommended.
Honey; antioxidant properties; DPPH; FRAP; ORAC; TEAC; ABTS