The effect of methanolic extract of Hymenocardia acida
leaves on diabetes and associated lipidemia were investigated
on experimentally-induced diabetic rats. The extract did not demonstrate any acutely toxic effect in rats within the dose range
(250 mg/kg - 2000 mg/kg) employed in the study; hence it was well tolerated by the rats. In all experiments, the anti-diabetic
effects were dose-dependent and comparable to that of glibenclamide (2 mg/kg) standard. At a dose of 500 mg/kg, lipid profile
markers such as the serum total cholesterol (TC) levels, LDL-C, triglycerides and HDL-C were significantly lower (p <0.05) than
those of both the treated and untreated controls.