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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
African Ethnomedicines Network
ISSN: 0189-6016
Vol. 9, No. 3, 2012, pp. 315-322
Bioline Code: tc12043
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2012, pp. 315-322

 en USE OF TRADITIONAL VETERINARY MEDICINE IN NHEMA COMMUNAL AREA OF THE MIDLANDS PROVINCE, ZIMBABWE
Maroyi, Alfred

Abstract

This study documents the use of ethno-veterinary medicine to treat livestock in Nhema communal area in the Midlands province of Zimbabwe. This study employed oral interviews and detailed discussions with 69 smallholder farmers and 3 traditional healers. The local people use 23 plant species belonging to 16 families as ethno-veterinary remedies. Two plant families were particularly frequent in usage: Fabaceae and Solanaceae, while the most utilized plant species were Aloe chabaudii check for this species in other resources (UV = 0.69), Aloe greatheadii check for this species in other resources (UV = 0.65), Adenium multiflorum check for this species in other resources (UV = 0.63), Vernonia amygdalina check for this species in other resources (UV = 0.61), Nicotiana tabacum check for this species in other resources (UV = 56), Solanum lycopersicum check for this species in other resources (UV = 55), Capsicum annum check for this species in other resources (UV = 53) and Pouzolzia hypoleuca check for this species in other resources (UV = 51). Fourteen animal conditions were identified in the surveyed area. The major and most common animal diseases were tick-borne diseases, eye problems, retained afterbirth, fleas, lice and diarrhoea. The majority of ethno-veterinary remedies (78%) were collected from the wild, with respondents mostly using herbs (11 species, 48%), followed by 6 trees (26%), 4 shrubs (17%), and 2 climbers (9%). The most frequently used plant parts were leaves (51%), followed by bark (16%), roots (13%) and fruits (10%). These remedies were mostly administered as decoctions or infusions of single plants. These plants were used not only as alternatives to conventional veterinary drugs but also because in certain diseases they were thought to be more efficacious. In view of many and widespread uses of wild plants as ethnoveterinary remedies, further research into their pharmacological activities may prove worthwhile.

Keywords
Ethno-veterinary medicine; indigenous knowledge; traditional animal health care; Zimbabwe

 
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