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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
African Ethnomedicines Network
ISSN: 0189-6016
Vol. 9, No. 3, 2012, pp. 380-385
Bioline Code: tc12052
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2012, pp. 380-385

 en MEDICINAL PLANTS USED FOR TREATMENT OF DIABETES BY THE MARAKH SECT OF THE GARO TRIBE LIVING IN MYMENSINGH DISTRICT, BANGLADESH
Rahmatullah, Mohammed; Azam, Md. Nur Kabidul; Khatun, Zubaida; Seraj, Syeda; Islam, Farhana; Rahman, Md. Atiqur; Jahan, Sharmin & Aziz, Md. Shah

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is an endocrinological disorder arising from insulin deficiency or due to ineffectiveness of the insulin produced by the body. This results in high blood glucose and with time, to neurological, cardiovascular, retinal and renal complications. It is a debilitating disease and affects the population of every country of the world. Around 200 million people of the world suffer from this disease and this figure is projected to rise to 300 million in the coming years. The disease cannot be cured with allopathic medicine as the drugs used do not restore normal glucose homeostasis and moreover have side-effects. On the other hand, traditional medicinal practitioners of various countries claim to cure diabetes or at least alleviate the major symptoms and progression of this disease through administration of medicinal plants. The Garos are an indigenous community of Bangladesh, who still follow their traditional medicinal practices. Their traditional medicinal formulations contain a number of plants, which they claim to be active antidiabetic agents. Since observation of indigenous practices have led to discovery of many modern drugs, it was the objective of the present study to conduct a survey among the Marakh sect of the Garos residing in Mymensingh district of Bangladesh to find out the medicinal plants that they use for treatment of diabetes. It was found that the tribal practitioners of the Marakh sect of the Garos use twelve medicinal plants for treatment of diabetes. These plants were Lannea coromandelica check for this species in other resources , Alstonia scholaris check for this species in other resources , Catharanthus roseus check for this species in other resources , Enhydra fluctuans check for this species in other resources , Terminalia chebula check for this species in other resources , Coccinia grandis check for this species in other resources , Momordica charantia check for this species in other resources , Cuscuta reflexa check for this species in other resources , Phyllanthus emblica check for this species in other resources , Syzygium aqueum check for this species in other resources , Drynaria quercifolia check for this species in other resources , and Clerodendrum viscosum check for this species in other resources . A review of the scientific literature demonstrated that almost all the plants used by the Garo tribal practitioners have reported antidiabetic and/or antioxidant properties and have enormous potential for possible development of new and efficacious antidiabetic drugs.

Keywords
Diabetes; CAM; ethnomedicine; Garo

 
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Alternative site location: http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/ajtcam

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