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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
African Ethnomedicines Network
ISSN: 0189-6016
Vol. 10, No. 2, 2013, pp. 180-188
Bioline Code: tc13024
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2013, pp. 180-188

 en ANALYSIS OF VOLATILE COMPOUNDS OF MALAYSIAN TUALANG ( KOOMPASSIA EXCELSA check for this species in other resources ) HONEY USING GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY MASS SPECTROMETRY
Nurul, Syazana M.S.; Gan, S.H.; A.S., Halim; Shah, Nurul Syazana Mohamad; Gan, Siew Hua & Sukari, Halim Ahmad

Abstract

The constituents of honey’s volatile compounds depend on the nectar source and differ depending on the place of origin. To date, the volatile constituents of Tualang honey have never been investigated. The objective of this study was to analyze the volatile compounds in local Malaysian Tualang honey. A continuous extraction of Tualang honey using five organic solvents was carried out starting from non-polar to polar solvents and the extracted samples were analysed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Overall, 35 volatile compounds were detected. Hydrocarbons constitute 58.5% of the composition of Tualang honey. Other classes of chemical compounds detected included acids, aldehydes, alcohols, ketones, terpenes, furans and a miscellaneous group. Methanol yielded the highest number of extracted compounds such as acids and 5-(Hydroxymethyl) furfural (HMF). This is the first study to describe the volatile compounds in Tualang honey. The use of a simple one tube, stepwise, non-thermal liquid-liquid extraction of honey is a advantageous as it prevents sample loss. Further research to test the clinical benefits of these volatile compounds is recommended.

Keywords
Tualang honey; volatile composition; GC-MS

 
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