ETHNOBOTANICAL STUDY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS USED BY KURD TRIBE IN DEHLORAN AND ABDANAN DISTRICTS, ILAM PROVINCE, IRAN|
Pirbalouti, Ghasemi; Momeni, M. & Bahmani, M.
This paper provides significant ethnobotanical information on pharmaceutical plant uses, where some
degree of acculturation exists, so that there is urgency in recording such data. The aim of this work is to catalogue,
document, and make known the uses of plants for folk medicine in Dehloran and Abdanan districts, Ilam Province,
Iran. An analysis was made of the species used, parts of the plant employed, preparation methods, administration
means, and the ailments treated in relation to pathological groups. A folk botanical survey was carried out from
February 2007 to October 2009. The information was collected from 81 persons (60% men and 40% women) in 20
villages. The informants reported data on 122 species, belonging to 49 botanical families, were claimed as
medicinal. This work is focused on human medicinal plant uses, which represent 95% of the pharmaceutical uses.
The most commonly represented families were Asteraceae (37.5%), Lamiaceae (20.8%), Rosaceae (18.7%),
Fabaceae (16.7%) and Apiaceae (14.6%). Some of the uses were found to be new when compared with published
literature on ethnomedicine of Iran. The folk knowledge about medicinal plant use is still alive in the studied
region, and a number of scarcely reported plant uses has been detected, some of them with promising
phytotherapeutical applications. The results of the study reveal that some of species play an important role in
primary healthcare system of these tribal communities.
Medicinal plants; ethnobotany; folklore plant; Ilam