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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
African Ethnomedicines Network
ISSN: 0189-6016
Vol. 11, No. 4, 2014, pp. 48-53
Bioline Code: tc14121
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2014, pp. 48-53

 en PHYTOTHERAPEUTIC ACTIVITY OF EUPHORBIA CYPARISSIAS check for this species in other resources EXTRACTS ON IXODIDAE check for this species in other resources (ACARI) FEMALE TICKS
Cristina, Romeo T.; Morariu, Sorin; Cernea, Mihai S.; Dumitrescu, Eugenia; Muselin, Florin & Cumpanașoiu, Ciceronis

Abstract

Background: Given its numerous biologically active components, Euphorbiaceae check for this species in other resources has been found to be a large plant family and polyvalent with quite interesting therapeutic activity that can be studied.
Materials and Methods: The ixodicidal activity of Euphorbia cyparissias check for this species in other resources extracts was studied in vitro and in vivo. Tested concentrations were 10, 5, 2, 1, 0.5 and 0.25%.
Results: For the in vitro study, conducted on field-collected female specimens of Dermacentor marginatus check for this species in other resources and Haemaphysalis punctata check for this species in other resources , the efficacy results showed that the ticks died after exposure in the case of 10, 5, and 2% tincture concentrations. The effects appeared after 30 minutes and became more visible 120 minutes after each exposure. The statistical differences regarding the used concentrations were found to be: F = 6.51, df = 5, P < 0.001. The in vivo study of the efficacy of E. cyparissias concentrations was performed on 35 naturally infested sheep and on 30 bovines parasitized with Ixodes ricinus check for this species in other resources , sprayed with tincture and glycerinate dilutions (bovines) on days 0 and 7. The results revealed detrimental effects on the survivability of female ticks, the most prominent being the reduction of their movement capacity. In sheep in vivo efficiency observed within 24 hrs varied, between 1 and 23% for D. marginatus and between 7 and 27% for H. punctata and respectively between 2 and 53% after 24 hrs, for I. ricinus, comparable effects being also found 72 hrs after the second administration of Euphorbia extracts.
Conclusion: Extracts from E. cyparissias may be used, with results, as an ecologic alternative tick control management method, being a cheap solution, with a sizeable role in reducing the use of synthetic and/or other harming and resistance source ixodicidal conditionings.

Keywords
bio-control; Euphorbia; Acari: Ixodidae; ruminants

 
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