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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
African Ethnomedicines Network
ISSN: 0189-6016
Vol. 11, No. 4, 2014, pp. 66-70
Bioline Code: tc14124
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2014, pp. 66-70

 en CHEMOPREVENTIVE ACTIVITY OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF MELASTOMA MALABATHRICUM check for this species in other resources LEAVES IN DMBA-INDUCED MOUSE SKIN CARCINOGENESIS
Kooi, Ooi Kah; Ling, Cheah Yee; Rodzi, Roihanah; Othman, Fezah; Mohtarrudin, Norhafizah; Suhaili, Zarizal & Zakaria, Zainul Amiruddin

Abstract

Background: Melastoma malabathricum check for this species in other resources L. Smith (family Melastomaceae) is a shrub that has been used by the Malay practitioners of traditional medicine to treat various types of ailments. The present study aimed to determine the chemopreventive activity of methanol extract of M. malabathricum leaves (MEMM) using the standard 7,12-dimethylbenz(α)anthracene (DMBA)/croton oil-induced mouse skin carcinogenesis model.
Materials and Methods: In the initiation phase, the mice received a single dose of 100μl/100 μg DMBA (group I-V) or 100μl acetone (group VI) topically on the dorsal shaved skin area followed by the promotion phase involving treatment with the respective test solutions (100 μl of acetone, 10 mg/kg curcumin or MEMM (30, 100 and 300mg/kg)) for 30 min followed by the topical application of tumour promoter (100μl croton oil). Tumors were examined weekly and the experiment lasted for 15 weeks. Results: MEMM and curcumin significantly (p<0.05) reduced the tumour burden, tumour incidence and tumour volume, which were further supported by the histopathological findings.
Conclusion: MEMM demonstrated chemoprevention possibly via its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, and the action of flavonoids like quercitrin.

Keywords
Melastomaceae; skin cancer; anti-carcinogenic activity

 
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