Background: Artemisia herba alba
, classified into the family of Asteraceae, is an aromatic herb that is traditionally used as a purgative and antipyretic
folk medicine by rural people of south Tunisia. This study reports the first identification of antimicrobial peptides from this medicinal
plant that inhibited the growth of several food-borne pathogenic bacteria.
Materials and Methods:
The extraction and purification of peptidic agents from Artemisia herba alba
, have been performed using precipitation
by ammonium sulfate of a phosphate buffer crude extract obtained from the plant leaves, followed by reverse-phase HPLC on a C18 column. The
mass of the peptides was estimated by SDS-PAGE electrophoresis, followed by a gel overlay assay and ultra-filtration through a 5 kDa cut-off
membrane. Fractions from every purification steps were sampled and assayed for activity towards different food-borne bacterial strains
pathogenic and non pathogenic to humans.
The phosphate buffer crude extract, as well as its ammonium sulfate precipitate, designated AS-P, inhibited the growth of Listeria
, Staphylococcus aureus
, Bacillus cereus sensu stricto
and the new approved species Bacillus cytotoxicus
. AS-P MICs (minimum
inhibitory concentrations) ranged from 0.241 to 3.8 mg/ml proteins for L. monocytogenes
and B. cereus sensu stricto
(strains ATCC10987 and
IP5832), respectively. The bioactive AS-P molecules were stable up to 10 minutes heating at 120°C and they resisted organic solvent effects.
Antimicrobial activity of A. herba alba
AS-P decreased to 40 and 60% after proteolytic treatment with trypsin and proteinase K, respectively,
suggesting peptides being responsible for the A. herba alba
AS-P activity. The mass of antibacterial A. herba alba
peptides was estimated below
5 kDa. Two AS-P fractions, eluted at 40 and 37% acetonitrile, showed antibacterial activity when assayed against L. monocytogenes
Conclusion: A. herba alba
could make a new source of novel natural anti-infective agents that could be used in food bio-preservation as natural
additives or in human infectious disease treatments against multi-drug resistant pathogens.