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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
African Ethnomedicines Network
ISSN: 0189-6016
Vol. 12, No. 3, 2015, pp. 91-96
Bioline Code: tc15053
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2015, pp. 91-96

 en ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF THREE MEDICINAL PLANTS ( ARTEMISIA INDICA check for this species in other resources , MEDICAGO FALCATA check for this species in other resources AND TECOMA STANS check for this species in other resources )
Javid, Tahir; Adnan, Muhammad; Tariq, Akash; Akhtar, Basreen; Ullah, Riaz & AbdElsalam, Naser M.

Abstract

Background: ( Artemisia indica check for this species in other resources , Medicago falcata check for this species in other resources and Tecoma stans check for this species in other resources are traditionally being use for medicinal purposes in Pakistan. Present study was designed to check in-vitro efficacy of these plants against selected bacterial and fungal strains.
Methodology: Chloroform, butanol, ethyl acetate and n-hexane extracts of these plants were used for antimicrobial screening. Antibacterial activity was tested against four pathogenic bacterial strains i.e. Escherichia coli check for this species in other resources , Pseudomonas aeruginosa check for this species in other resources , Salmonella typhi check for this species in other resources and Staphylococcus aureus check for this species in other resources while antifungal activity was tested against four fungal strains i.e. Aspergillus flavus check for this species in other resources , Aspergillus niger check for this species in other resources , Aspergillus fumigatus check for this species in other resources and Fusarium solani check for this species in other resources .
Results: Chloroform, butanol and ethyl acetate extracts of Artemisia indica, Medicago falcata and Tecoma stans showed high inhibitory activities (between 15-20 mm) against E. coli, P. aeruginosa and S. aureus. However, all extracts of Artemisia indica showed inhibitory activities (12-14 mm) against Salmonella typhi. As antifungal activities, the n-Hexane and chloroform extracts of Artemisia indica have completely inhibited the growth of Aspergillus flavus and Fusariun solani, respectively. Ethyl acetate and butanol extract of Medicago falcata completely inhibited Fusarium solani and Aspergillus fumigates, respectively. The n-hexane extract of Tecoma stan completely inhibited Fusarium solani, while its ethyl acetate extract shows excellent activity against Aspergillus niger.
Conclusions: These findings provide scientific evidence of traditional use of medicinal plants and also indicate the potential of these plants for the development of antimicrobial agents.

Keywords
Medicinal Plants; Traditional uses; phytochemical effects; Antimicrobial activity

 
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