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African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
African Ethnomedicines Network
ISSN: 0189-6016
Vol. 13, No. 4, 2016, pp. 42-46
Bioline Code: tc16086
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2016, pp. 42-46

 en IN VITRO ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY SCREENING OF XYLARIA HYPOXYLON check for this species in other resources
Canli, Kerem; Akata, Ilgaz & Altuner, Ergin Murat

Abstract

Background: Fungi have a potential of using both as nutritive and medicinal food stuff. Because of containing several therapeutic agents, they are reported to be used for hundreds of years to treat several diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites. The aim of this study is to determine the in vitro antimicrobial activity of Xylaria hypoxylon check for this species in other resources , which were collected from Yomra, Trabzon, Turkey.
Materials and Methods: X. hypoxylon samples were air dried and extracted by using ethanol. Antimicrobial activity of X. hypoxylon ethanol extracts were investigated against 21 bacterial and 2 fungal strains, namely, Bacillus subtilis check for this species in other resources DSMZ 1971, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Candida albicans check for this species in other resources ATCC 10231, Candida albicans DSMZ 1386, Enterobacter aerogenes check for this species in other resources ATCC 13048, Enterococcus durans check for this species in other resources , Enterococcus faecalis check for this species in other resources ATCC 29212, Enterococcus faecium check for this species in other resources , Escherichia coli check for this species in other resources ATCC 25922, Escherichia coli CFAI, Klebsiella pneumoniae check for this species in other resources , Listeria innocula check for this species in other resources , Listeria monocytogenes check for this species in other resources ATCC 7644, Pseudomonas aeruginosa check for this species in other resources DSMZ 50071, Pseudomonas fluorescence check for this species in other resources P1, Salmonella enteritidis check for this species in other resources ATCC 13075, Salmonella infantis, Salmonella kentucky, Salmonella typhimurium check for this species in other resources SL 1344, Staphylococcus aureus check for this species in other resources ATCC 25923, Staphylococcus carnosus check for this species in other resources MC1.B, Staphylococcus epidermidis check for this species in other resources DSMZ 20044 and Streptococcus agalactiae check for this species in other resources DSMZ 6784 by using the disk diffusion method.
Results: It is observed that ethanol extracts of X. hypoxylon has antimicrobial activity against several Gram positive and Gram negative microorganisms tested. As a result of the study, an antimicrobial activity of X. hypoxylon found against most of strains used in the study.
Conclusion: The results of our study clearly puts forward that X. hypoxylon could have a possible medicinal use.

Keywords
Xylaria hypoxylon; fungi; antimicrobial activity; antimicrobial screening; ethanol extract

 
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