African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
African Ethnomedicines Network
Vol. 14, No. 4, 2017, pp. 120-127
Bioline Code: tc17120
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge
African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2017, pp. 120-127
© Copyright 2017 - African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines
THE USE OF PLANTS TO PROTECT PLANTS AND FOOD AGAINST FUNGAL PATHOGENS: A REVIEW|
Shuping, D.S.S. & Eloff, J.N.
Background: Plant fungal pathogens play a crucial role in the profitability, quality and quantity of plant production.
These phytopathogens are persistent in avoiding plant defences causing diseases and quality losses around the world
that amount to billions of US dollars annually. To control the scourge of plant fungal diseases, farmers have used
fungicides to manage the damage of plant pathogenic fungi. Drawbacks such as development of resistance and
environmental toxicity associated with these chemicals have motivated researchers and cultivators to investigate other
Materials and Methods: Several databases were accessed to determine work done on protecting plants against plant
fungal pathogens with plant extracts using search terms “plant fungal pathogen”, “plant extracts” and
“phytopathogens”. Proposals are made on the best extractants and bioassay techniques to be used.
Results: In addition to chemical fungicides, biological agents have been used to deal with plant fungal diseases. There
are many examples where plant extracts or plant derived compounds have been used as commercial deterrents of fungi
on a large scale in agricultural and horticultural setups. One advantage of this approach is that plant extracts usually
contain more than one antifungal compound. Consequently the development of resistance of pathogens may be lower if
the different compounds affect a different metabolic process. Plants cultivated using plants extracts may also be
marketed as organically produced. Many papers have been published on effective antimicrobial compounds present in
plant extracts focusing on applications in human health. More research is required to develop suitable, sustainable,
effective, cheaper botanical products that can be used to help overcome the scourge of plant fungal diseases.
Conclusions: Scientists who have worked only on using plants to control human and animal fungal pathogens should
consider the advantages of focusing on plant fungal pathogens. This approach could not only potentially increase food
security for rural farmers, lead to commercial rewards, but it is also much easier to test the efficacy in greenhouse or
field experiments. Even if extracts are toxic it may still be useful in the floriculture industry.
infection; plant extracts; antifungal; phytopathogens
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