Tanzania Journal of Health Research
Health User's Trust Fund (HRUTF)
Vol. 11, No. 4, 2009, pp. 219-225
Bioline Code: th09037
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Tanzania Journal of Health Research, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2009, pp. 219-225
© Copyright 2009 Tanzania Journal of Health Research.
Knowledge and practices on malaria and its control among pastoralists in Simanjiro District, northern Tanzania|
Malisa, A.L. & Ndukai, M.
Community knowledge and practice related to malaria is important for the implementation
of appropriate, effective and sustainable interventions. This study was carried out to assess knowledge
and practices on malaria and identify factors contributing to the low mosquito net coverage in
Simanjiro District in northern Tanzania. A combination of direct observation, focus group discussion
(FGD) and questionnaire were employed in data collection. A sample of 200 respondents was
selected randomly from 5542 people from the study village. The findings show that, although most
(75%) of the respondents were informed that mosquitoes transmit malaria, the remaining quarter of
respondents reserved a considerable doubt on the link between mosquitoes and malaria. Sixty five
percent of the respondents were aware of the use of insecticide treated nets (ITNs). However, the
coverage of any mosquito net and ITN was 12.5% and 5%, respectively. Affordability, unavailability
and gender inequality were identified to be major factors associated with the low ITN coverage.
The study recommends that, an advocated pluralistic approach of ITN delivery which encourages
a coordinated public private alliance is required to ensure equitable and large scale distribution of
ITNs in the village.
malaria, mosquito nets, knowledge, practices, Tanzania