About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News

Tanzania Journal of Health Research
Health User's Trust Fund (HRUTF)
ISSN: 1821-6404
Vol. 12, No. 3, 2010
Bioline Code: th10028
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge

Tanzania Journal of Health Research, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2010

 en Assessment of antibacterial sale by using the Anatomic Therapeutic Chemical classification and Defined Daily Dose methodology in Moshi Municipality, northern Tanzania
Van Den Boogaard, J.; Semvua, H.H.; Boeree, M.J.; Aarnoutse, R.E. & Kibiki, G.S.


This study aimed at evaluating the sale of antibacterials for systemic use to outpatients in Moshi Municipality, northern Tanzania. Trained pharmacy assistants of all fourteen pharmacies in Moshi that are authorized to sell antibacterials for systemic use (part I pharmacies), recorded the sales of antibacterials to outpatients by using the Anatomic Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification and Defined Daily Dose (DDD) methodology, during a two-months period. The unregulated availability of antibacterials in drug outlets that are not authorized to sell antibacterials was assessed in 15 randomly selected outlets. The total sale of antibacterials was 4.99 DDDs per thousand inhabitants per day (DID). The penicillins were sold most frequently (2.18 DID; 44%), followed by the quinolones (0.63 DID; 13%), macrolides, lincosamides and streptogramins (0.61 DID, 12%), and the tetracyclines (0.57 DID, 11%). The sale of amoxicillin, the individual drug sold most frequently, was 1.28 DID. Ciprofloxacin was available in all unauthorized drug outlets. Given their wide availability in unauthorized drug outlets, the sale of antibacterials by authorized pharmacies is probably an underrepresentation of the total sale of antibacterials in Moshi. Regulatory measures to control the availability of antibacterials in Tanzania are warranted. Repetition of the study in different seasons and in consecutive years, could reveal highly relevant data on antibacterial consumption trends, which, especially if correlated to data on antibacterial resistance, could help to control communicable diseases.

Antibacterial sale, Anatomic Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification, Defined Daily Dose (DDD) methodology, Tanzania

© Copyright 2010 Tanzania Journal of Health Research.

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2023, Site last up-dated on 01-Sep-2022.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Internet Data Center of Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa, RNP, Brazil