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Tanzania Journal of Health Research
Health User's Trust Fund (HRUTF)
ISSN: 1821-6404
Vol. 14, No. 4, 2012, pp. 1-13
Bioline Code: th12041
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Tanzania Journal of Health Research, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2012, pp. 1-13

 en Cellular responses against Schistosoma mansoni check for this species in other resources in immunized Balb/c mice with soluble proteins from intermediate host, Biomphalaria pfeifferi check for this species in other resources
KURIA, KENNEDY M.; WAIHENYA, REBECCA; KUTIMA, HELLEN; NJOKI, PENINNAH & YOLE, DORCAS S.

Abstract

Scores of millions of people around the world are infected by Schistosoma mansoni check for this species in other resources causing considerable morbidity, mortality and loss of productivity. Safe chemotherapeutic agents have been used though there are challenges of re-infection due to resistance. Both epidemiological and experimental data suggest that acquired cell mediated immunity play significant roles in regulating the intensity of S. mansoni infection as well as its patho-physiologic sequelae. Improved control of this trematode parasite may be obtained with immunization to enhance the resistance of individuals to risk of infection. This study investigated the cellular responses of mice immunized with soluble proteins from foot and digestive gland of the vector snail and challenged with S. mansoni. The proteins were used to immunize the experimental groups then challenged with the S. mansoni. The experimental groups were FT (immunized with foot protein) and DG (immunized with digestive gland). The parameters, which were analyzed to demonstrate protection, included; the worm counts and cellular (IFN-γ, IL-5 cytokines) responses. It was observed that, the experimental groups showed significant protection in terms of worm reduction and immune responses. The group vaccinated with foot protein showed higher protection (87.5%) as compared to the group vaccinated with the digestive gland (50%) in terms of worm reduction. Cytokines (IFN-γ and IL-5) production was present in different levels during the assay time points which showed an aspect of protection. The Foot protein of the vector showed more immunizing power than the digestive gland. Research towards utilizing the two proteins as feasible vaccine candidates is encouraged.

Keywords
Schistosoma mansoni; Biomphalaria pfeifferi; IFN-γ; IL-5 cytokines; mice

 
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