Community Structure of Soil Macrofauna in Different Using Types of Soils in Autumn|
GE Bao-ming, KONG Jun-miao, CHENG Hong-yi, ZHENG Xiang, BAO Yi-xin
From October to November 2004 by using a sampling method,we investigated the soil macrofauna communities at 7 using types of soils,paddy field (P), kaleyard (K), orchard (O), wilderness (W), yard (Y), lawn (L) and building site (B) in Jinhua, Zhejiang. There were 1 161 soil macrofauna individuals belonged to 20 orders,8 classes,and 3 phylums in total samplings. The dominant orders were Nematoda and Hymenoptera,the frequent orders were Araneae,Diplura, Lumbricida, Isopoda, Stylommatophora, Coleoptera, Lepidoptera and Diptera,and then the remnant orders were rare orders. The complexity index of community (C) tended O>K>W>B>L>P>Y,and Shannon-Weiner index (H') L>B>W>K>O>P>Y. C was manifested better than H' in representing the complexity and the diversity of communities. The vertical distribution of soil macrofauna had obvious surface assembly. Using the Hierarchical Cluster and the Non-matric Multi-dimensional Scaling method,the 7 communities were classed to 3 groups: highly disturbing and non-bestrow group,herbage growth group and orchard group,which shows the response of soil macrofauna communities to the different soil using types.
Soil macrofauna; Community; Diversity; Soil using type