is one kind of lizards inhabiting inclusively in the desert that has
controversial viewpoints on its phylogeny. Based on mitochondrial ND2 gene of 119 samples from 12 geographic
populations, we analyzed the effects of environmental factors on the variation of genetic diversity, as well as its
relationship to P. versicolor
. The results showed that these populations clustered into three major lineages, with P.
embedded within one lineage. The twelve populations had great genetic diversity variation, which was tightly
linked with local altitude, annual precipitation, and variation of annual precipitation. High latitudes, increased annual
precipitation and great variation in annual precipitations may all have resulted in the decrease of genetic diversity. It thus
assumed that altitude can change the genetic diversity of different geographic populations of P. przewalskii
the effects of different local annual precipitation.