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Zoological Research
Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 2095-8137
Vol. 34, No. 3, 2013, pp. 145-151
Bioline Code: zr13037
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Zoological Research, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2013, pp. 145-151

 en Influence of surface water availability on mammal distributions in Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China
CHEN, Tian-Bo; SUNG, Yik-Hei; CHAN, Pui-Lok Bosco; MENG, Yuan-Jun & WAN, Pak-Ho

Abstract

Surface water is a major limiting factor affecting animal activities in karst ecosystems. From March, 2006 to June, 2007 and from October, 2010 to May, 2011, infra-red camera traps were installed along animal trails and temporary rain pools in Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China, to monitor mammal diversity and relative abundance. In total, 19 species from 17 genera, 12 families, and 5 orders were recorded, including two State Key Protection Class I species, the François’ langur ( Trachypithecus francoisi check for this species in other resources ) and Assam macaque ( Macaca assamensis check for this species in other resources ). Although 42% of species only occurred in one of the microhabitats, differences in species assemblages between trails and pools were not significant. The results of our observation indicated that camera trapping was effective in monitoring medium to large sized mammals, and for recording illegal hunting. In addition, our results suggest that authorities should reinforce patrolling, especially at water pools during the dry season, and eradicate unsustainable extraction of underground water. Moreover, based on the advantages of large inhibited environments to animal species, especially to large predators, we also recommend connecting the three isolated sections of the reserve to promote species recovery and dispersal.

Keywords
Infra-red camera trap; Mammals; Karst; Non-invasive sampling; Occurrence index

 
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