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Zoological Research
Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 2095-8137
Vol. 39, No. 1, 2018, pp. 52-57
Bioline Code: zr18007
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Zoological Research, Vol. 39, No. 1, 2018, pp. 52-57

 en Murine model of acute myocarditis and cerebral cortical neuron edema induced by coxsackievirus B4
Dong, Zhao-Peng; Wang, Qian; Zhang, Zhen-Jie; Carr, Michael J.; Li, Dong & Shi, Wei-Feng

Abstract

Globally, coxsackievirus B4 (CV-B4) has been continuously isolated and evidence suggests an association with the development of pancreatitis and type I diabetes. In addition, CV-B4 is also associated with myocarditis and severe central nervous system (CNS) complications, which remain poorly studied and understood. In the present study, we established an Institute for Cancer Research (ICR) mouse model of CV-B4 infection and examined whether CV-B4 infection resulted in a predisposition to myocarditis and CNS infection. We found high survival in both the treatment and control group, with no significant differences in clinical outcomes observed. However, pathological lesions were evident in both brain and heart tissue of the CV-B4-infected mice. In addition, high viral loads were found in the neural and cardiac tissues as early as 2 days post infection. Expressions of IFN-γ and IL-6 in sera were significantly higher in CV-B4-infected mice compared to uninfected negative controls, suggesting the involvement of these cytokines in the development of histopathological lesions. Our murine model successfully reproduced the acute myocarditis and cerebral cortical neuron edema induced by CV-B4, and may be useful for the evaluation of vaccine candidates and potential antivirals against CV-B4 infection.

Keywords
Coxsackievirus B4; Myocarditis; CNS; Edema; Neurons

 
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