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Zoological Research
Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 2095-8137
Vol. 39, No. 3, 2018, pp. 130-157
Bioline Code: zr18016
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Zoological Research, Vol. 39, No. 3, 2018, pp. 130-157

 en A new genus and three new species of miniaturized microhylid frogs from Indochina (Amphibia: Anura: Microhylidae: Asterophryinae)
Poyarkov, Nikolay A.; Suwannapoom, Chatmongkon; Pawangkhanant, Parinya; Aksornneam, Akrachai; Duong, Tang Van; Korost, Dmitriy V. & Che, Jing

Abstract

We report on the discovery of a new genus of microhylid subfamily Asterophryinae from northern and eastern Indochina, containing three new species. Vietnamophryne Gen. nov. are secretive miniaturized frogs (SVL<21 mm) with a mostly semi-fossorial lifestyle. To assess phylogenetic relationships, we studied 12S rRNA-16S rRNA mtDNA fragments with a final alignment of 2 591 bp for 53 microhylid species. External morphology characters and osteological characteristics analyzed using micro-CT scanning were used for describing the new genus. Results of phylogenetic analyses assigned the new genus into the mainly Australasian subfamily Asterophryinae as a sister taxon to the genus Siamophryne from southern Indochina. The three specimens collected from Gia Lai Province in central Vietnam, Cao Bang Province in northern Vietnam, and Chiang Rai Province in northern Thailand proved to be separate species, different both in morphology and genetics (genetic divergence 3.1%≤P≤5.1%). Our work provides further evidence for the “out of Indo-Eurasia” scenario for Asterophryinae, indicating that the initial cladogenesis and differentiation of this group of frogs occurred in the Indochina Peninsula. To date, each of the three new species of Vietnamophryne Gen. nov. is known only from a single specimen; thus, their distribution, life history, and conservation status require further study.

Keywords
Vietnamophryne Gen. nov.; Vietnamophryne inexpectata sp. nov.; Vietnamophryne orlovi sp. nov.; Vietnamophryne occidentalis sp. nov.; Siamophryne; Gastrophrynoides; mtDNA; micro-CT scanning; Vietnam; Thailand; Herpetofauna; Amphibia; Biogeography; Taxonomy; Indochina

 
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