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Zoological Research
Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 2095-8137
Vol. 42, No. 2, 2021, pp. 246-249
Bioline Code: zr21031
Full paper language: English
Document type: Letter to the Editor
Document available free of charge

Zoological Research, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2021, pp. 246-249

 en A novel machine learning approach (svmSomatic) to distinguish somatic and germline mutations using next-generation sequencing data
Mao, Yu-Fang; Yuan, Xi-Guo & Cun, Yu-Peng

Abstract

Somatic mutations are a large category of genetic variations, which play an essential role in tumorigenesis. Detection of somatic single nucleotide variants (SNVs) could facilitate downstream analysis of tumorigenesis. Many computational methods have been developed to detect SNVs, but most require normal matched samples to differentiate somatic SNVs from the normal state, which can be difficult to obtain. Therefore, developing new approaches for detecting somatic SNVs without matched samples are crucial. In this work, we detected somatic mutations from individual tumor samples based on a novel machine learning approach, svmSomatic, using next-generation sequencing (NGS) data. In addition, as somatic SNV detection can be impacted by multiple mutations, with germline mutations and co-occurrence of copy number variations (CNVs) common in organisms, we used the novel approach to distinguish somatic and germline mutations based on the NGS data from individual tumor samples. In summary, svmSomatic: (1) considers the influence of CNV co-occurrence in detecting somatic mutations; and (2) trains a support vector machine algorithm to distinguish between somatic and germline mutations, without requiring normal matched samples. We further tested and compared svmSomatic with other common methods. Results showed that svmSomatic performance, as measured by F1-score, was significantly better than that of others using both simulation and real NGS data.

Keywords
Somatic mutation; Germline mutation; Next-generation sequencing; Single nucleotide variations; Copy number variants; Support vector machine

 
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