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Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research
College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin
ISSN: 1596-6941
Vol. 5, No. 2, 2006, pp. 79-86
Bioline Code: jm06025
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2006, pp. 79-86

 en Blood pressure pattern and prevalence of hypertension in a rural community in Edo State
Omuemu, V.O.; Okojie, O.H. & Omuemu, C.E.


This cross-sectional study was carried out in Udo, a rural community in Ovia South-west LGA of Edo state to screen for hypertension and determine blood pressure pattern. Cluster sampling method was used in selecting participants. Data collection was by researcher-administered questionnaire. Blood pressure and anthropometric measurements were determined.
A total of 590 respondents with mean age 30.7 ± 14.6 years participated in the study. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 122.08 ± 15.42 mmHg and 79.54 ± 11.55 mmHg, respectively and increased with age. Males had significantly higher mean SBP and DBP than the females (p < 0.001). Prevalence of hypertension was 20.2%, increased significantly with age and was higher in males than in females (p < 0.001).
This study revealed that hypertension is a problem even in the rural areas. Therefore need for intervention programmes targeted at non-communicable diseases like hypertension which is usually symptomless.

Blood Presure, Pattern, Hypertension

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