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Nigerian Food Journal
Nigerian Institute of Food Science and Technology
ISSN: 0189-7241
Vol. 25, No. 1, 2007, pp. 130-137
Bioline Code: nf07012
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Nigerian Food Journal, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2007, pp. 130-137

 en Clarification of orange juice by crude fungal pectinase from citrus peel
Kareem S.O & Adebowale, A.A

Abstract

Fungal pectinase enzyme was produced by Rhizopusoryzae on a solid culture containing citrus peel of orange (35% w/v). The crude extract with maximum pectinase activity of 1, 360 u/ml was used to clarify orange juice. The yield, turbidity and viscosity as well as pH, total soluble solids, ascorbic acids and total titratable acidity of the clarified juice were determined. The optimum yield (97%) of juice was obtained at 1% pectinase enzyme concentration, while the turbidity and viscosity decreases with increasing concentration of pectinase enzyme. There were no marked changesin thepHandtotaltitratableacidityofthepectinase enzyme treated juice. Ascorbic acid and total soluble solids increase with increasing pectinase enzyme concentration.Thereweresignificantdifferences(p<0.05) in the pectinase enzyme concentrations on the yield, viscosity, turbidity and total titratable acid of the orange juice while no significant (P>0.05) difference was found in the pH, ascorbic acid and total soluble solids. The results presented citrus peel as substrate for pectinase production and its subsequent use in the clarification of orange juice could enhance fruit juice processing in the tropics.

Keywords
Orange juice, pectinase, clarification

 
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