Instructions to Authors
Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons (JIAPS) is the
official journal of the Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons. The journal
reports of clinical, operative & experimental work, as well as important
contributions related to pediatric surgery.
Manuscripts can be submitted online www.journalonweb.com/jiaps ,
with tables, figures and text included in the same file if possible. Alternatively,
the manuscripts can be sent to Professor D. K. Gupta, Editor-in-Chief JIAPS,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences,
New Delhi 110029. To expedite and facilitate the process of publication, manuscripts
being submitted by post should also be accompanied with an electronic copy
of the same on a floppy or compact disc. For details to use the website for
the submission of articles online, go through the guidelines from www.journalonweb.com/jiaps .
Review process: Peer reviews are carried out with full confidentiality
and the decision is communicated to authors within eight to twelve weeks, depending
upon the response from the reviewer. If the manuscript is rejected, it will
not be returned to the authors but copies will be retained for three months
to answer any queries.
Duplicate submission: Manuscripts are considered with the understanding
that they have not been published previously and are not under consideration
by another journal. The author should alert the editor if the work includes
subjects about which a previous report has been published.
Proofs, Reprints and Color Prints: The corresponding author of the accepted
article shall be provided with the printers' proofs. Corrections on the proof
should be restricted to printers' errors only and no substantial additions/deletions
should be made. Reprints may be ordered from the Publishers on payment. Publication
of colour illustrations will be charged to the authors @ Rs. 1500/- for a block
each, upto 3 color photos. A short text of about 150 words depicting the condition
Categories of Articles
Original Articles should report original research relevant to clinical
pediatric surgery. Each manuscript should be accompanied with a structured
abstract divided into aims, material and methods (which should include design,
setting, subjects, methods), results and conclusion in not more than 250 words.
Four to five key words to facilitate indexing should be provided along with
the abstract. The text should be divided in sections of introduction, methods,
results and discussion. Key messages should be provided at the end of the manuscript.
The length should be 2500-3500 words with not more than 6 tables and 3 figures.
Editorials are usually invited but consideration may be given to other
material also. The length should not exceed 1200-1500 words with not more than
20 references and there should be no tables and figures.
Review Articles or systematic and critical assessments of literature
are also published. Such articles are usually invited but the authors may consult
the Editor-in-Chief before submitting such articles because similar reviews
may already have been submitted; a review article on a subject already published
in JIAPS will not be accepted for a period of at least 2 years. The length
should be 2000-3000 words (excluding tables, figures, and references). Authors
submitting review articles should include an abstract of around 250 words describing
the need and purpose of review, methods used for collecting and analysing data,
main conclusions and 2-3 key messages.
Brief Reports are short accounts of original studies or a series of
cases, provided the number of cases is reasonably large. The pattern should
follow the same as for original articles. The text should contain up to 1500
words, three illustrations or tables, 20 references and two key messages.
Case Reports should consist of clinical cases highlighting uncommon
conditions or presentations. Single case reports should provide information
regarding new or unusual aspects of etiology, diagnosis or management which
adds to the existing knowledge. The text should be up to 1000 words and divided
into sections - abstract (50 words), introduction, case report and discussion.
Number of tables/figures (black and white photographs only) should be limited
to 2 and up to 10 most recent references.
Letters to the Editor commenting upon a recent article in JIAPS are
welcome within 6 months of the article's publication. At the Editorial Boards'
discretion, the letter may be sent to the authors and both letter and reply
may be published together. Letters may also relate to other topics of interest
to pediatric surgeons, and/or useful clinical observations. Letters should
be up to 500 words, contain not more than one Figure/Table and 5 most recent
references. The text need not be divided into sections.
How I do it aims to assist both trainees and practitioners in mastering
essential procedures. A detailed illustrated description of surgical technique
or procedure should be provided (approx. 1200-1500 words).
Personal Viewpoints are published on topical pediatric surgical issues
including social aspects. The authors should have sufficient credible experience
on the subject. These should not exceed 1500 words.
Images in practice Clinical photographs and accompanying imaging studies
or pathological specimens could also be considered for publication.
Post-graduate seminars should dwell on a particular topic of interest
keeping in view the training of post-graduates. It should be written by a post-graduate
student and co-authored by a consultant/faculty member who is the concerned
guide. Such articles should be restricted to 2000 words and divided into sections
which are appropriate to the subject. There should be a 250 word unstructured
abstract, up to 5 key words and flow diagrams, algorithms etc as appropriate.
Selected summaries of important articles published elsewhere are also
invited. These should provide a short summary of the paper in the reviewer's
words (not the author[s] published abstract) followed by comments (total 1000
words approx.). Some of the areas that should be discussed in the comments
section are the study design and the relevance of the article. A copy of the
paper discussed should accompany the submission.
Notes and News/Calendar of Events Announcements for conferences, symposia
or meetings may be sent for publication at least 12 weeks in advance of the
issue in which it has to appear. These are mostly included under Calendar of
Events free of cost. The title, date(s), place of event, contact address, telephone,
and e-mail address should be provided. JIAPS reserves the right to be selective
in publishing these announcements. Those wishing for a detailed publication
may submit as advertisements.
Preparing the Manuscript
Manuscript requirements should be in accordance with "Uniform Requirements
for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" (International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors. Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted
to Biomedical Journals. Ann Intern Med 1997; 126: 36-47.).
- Three copies of the manuscript should be submitted (one original and two
copies without reference to identity of author(s)/institution).
- One side of standard A4 size white bond paper, with 2.5 cm margins.
- Language - American (US) OR British English throughout.
- Double-space throughout including all sections.
- Pages should be numbered consecutively.
- Use at least 11 point font size (Times New Roman or Arial).
- Submit photographs in a separate heavy paper envelope (enclosed in cardboard,
to prevent bending during mail handling).
- Units of measure: Conventional units and the metric system is preferred
for the expression of length, area, mass and volume.
- Use nonproprietary names of drugs, devices and other products.
- All manuscripts should be accompanied by a signed statement by all authors
(See Appendix 1). Those sending their manuscript through e-mail are also
required to submit this form by post with original signatures.
Manuscripts not fulfilling the technical requirements shall be returned
to the authors without initiating the peer-review process.
Title page : The page should contain -
1 the title of the article
2 a short running title (max 40 characters) at the foot end of title page
3 initials and surname of each author
4 name of department(s)/institution(s) to which the work is attributed
5 disclaimers, if any
6 name, address, telephone, fax, e-mail ID of the corresponding author
7 source(s) of support viz. grants, equipment, drugs or all of these
8 declaration on competing interests
Authorship : All persons designated as authors should qualify for the
authorship based on substantial contributions to i) concept and design, or
acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; ii) drafting the
article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and iii)
final approval of the version to be published. All persons who contributed
to the work but do not satisfy all the conditions for authorship should be
named in the acknowledgements. The corresponding author shall act as guarantor
of the paper and he/she should take the responsibility for the integrity of
the work as a whole, from its inception to published article.
Competing or Conflict of Interest : If competing interest exists, the
author(s) must disclose them while submitting the manuscript. Competing interest
could include financial relationships with industry, personal relationships,
academic competition, intellectual passion, a fee for speaking, fee for organizing
educational activities, funds for research, funds for a member of the staff
or consultation fees from an organization that may in any way gain or lose
financially from the results of the study, review, editorial or letter.
Abstract and Key words : The second page should carry the abstract and
below the abstract, authors should provide 3-5 key words for indexing; use
terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MESH) list of Index Medicus.
The basic structure of the paper should include :
Introduction. The introduction must clearly state the background which
resulted in the study and the questions which the authors have tried to answer.
A brief review of the relevant literature may be necessary. Cite only those
references that are essential to justify the proposed study.
Material and Methods. The methods section should describe the design
of the study (e.g. method of randomization), how it was carried out (e.g. inclusion/exclusion
criteria, ethical considerations, accurate details of materials used, exact
drug dosage and form of treatment etc.) and data analysis (e.g. statistical
analysis etc.). For standard procedures, appropriate references are sufficient,
but if standard methods are modified these should be clearly brought out; provide
complete details of any new methods or apparatus used (manufacturer's name
and address in parentheses).
Results. This section should include only relevant and representative
data. Major findings should be presented clearly and concisely. Text, tables,
and illustrations should be used to complement each other avoiding unnecessary
repetition. The tables should be cited in the text but typed on separate sheets.
Negative results should also be mentioned.
Discussion. Discussion should be approximately one third of the total
length of the manuscript and include a summary of the major findings, comparison
with similar studies, limitations of methods and implications of these findings
in future research. Conclusions should be linked to the goals of the study.
Unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by the data
should be avoided.
Key Messages. The key messages should be self explanatory, not contain
any abbreviation, and should be relevant to the manuscript.
References. References should be numbered using Arabic numerals in box
parentheses e.g.  in the order of appearance in the text, tables, and legends.
The style should be in accordance with Uniform Requirements (the Vancouver
style). Avoid the use of abstracts, unpublished observations and personal communications
as references. References to papers accepted but not yet published should be
designated as "in press". For details please refer to ICMJE Guidelines (http://www.icmje.org
Article in journals. List all authors when six or less. When seven or more,
list only first six and add et al.
Lal R, Thichen TK, Bhatnagar V, Agarwala S, Banerjee U, Bajpai M, et al. Fungal
infections as a cause of mortality and morbidity in posterior urethral valves.
J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg 1997;2:130-135.
Chapter in a book. Miyano T, Kobayashi H, Chen SC. Long term results of biliary
atresia. In, Gupta DK (ed). Text Book of Neonatal Surgery, 1st edition. New
Delhi, Modern Publishers, 2000;288-291.
Tables. Each table should be typed on a separate sheet of paper and
numbered consecutively (Roman numerals) in the order of citation in the text.
A brief but self-explanatory title for each table should be provided. Footnotes
should be used for all abbreviations and symbols that are used in each table.
Figures and Illustrations : All figures and illustrations should be
of good quality and sent as sharp, glossy, black-and-white photographs. Publication
of color illustrations will have to be paid for by the authors. Letters, numbers,
and symbols in photographs should be clearly marked. Each figure should have
a label pasted on its back indicating the number, author's name, and an arrow
to mark the top of the figure. If photographs of human subjects are used, the
identity should be appropriately concealed. Figures should be numbered consecutively
(Arabic numerals) according to the order of citation. These should be of high
quality, 127x173mm (5x7in) but no larger than 203x254mm (8x10in), clearly identify
the condition and should add to the existing knowledge.
Legends for Illustrations. The legends for illustrations should be typed
out on a separate sheet using double-spacing, with Arabic numerals corresponding
to the illustrations. Symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters used to identify
parts of the illustrations should be identified and explained clearly in the
legend. The internal scale and method of staining in photomicrographs should
be clearly mentioned.
Units of Measurement. Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume
should be reported in metric units, i.e. meter(m), gram(g), or liter(L) or
their decimal multiples. Milliliter or deciliter should be expressed as mL
or dL and not ml/dl. Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius. Blood
pressures should be given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). All hematological
and clinical chemistry measurements should be reported in the conventional
system or in terms of the International System of Units (SI)
Abbreviations and Symbols should be avoided in the title and abstract.
Only standard abbreviations should be used. The full term for which an abbreviation
stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit
of measurement. Year, month, day, hour, minute and second should be abbreviated
as yr, mo, d, h, min, and s respectively.
The copyright of all accepted and published manuscripts will be with JIAPS
and these can not be reproduced or published elsewhere, in whole or part, without
the written permission from the Editor-in-Chief.
Authorship Criteria & Responsibility and Copyright Transfer Form
Manuscript no. JIAPS/____/____
Manuscript Title __________________________________________________________
I/We certify that the manuscript has neither been published nor is being considered
for publication elsewhere.
I/We certify that all authors have made substantial contributions to the work
reported in this manuscript and have seen and approved the submitted manuscript.
If the manuscript is accepted for publication, the undersigned author(s) transfer(s),
assign(s), or otherwise convey(s) all copyright ownership, including any and
all rights incidental thereto, exclusively to Journal of Indian Association of
Authors' names, signatures in order of appearance in the manuscript & date
Copyright 2005 - Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons