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Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Medknow Publications on behalf of Indian Pharmacological Society
ISSN: 0253-7613
EISSN: 1998-3751


WRITING FOR THE INDIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY

Guidelines for authors

1.GENERAL
Indian Journal of Pharmacology (IJP), an official publication of the Indian Pharmacological Society, is currently published the Medknow Publications, Mumbai, India. It is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October and December every calendar year. It is listed in BiosisBiological Abstracts, Embasexcerpta Medica, Chemical Abstracts, Current Contents (NCI), IndMed and Excerpta Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Abstracts.

The URL of the journal website is: www.ijp-online.com. The e-mail ID is ijp@jipmer.edu.

2. SCOPE
Indian Journal of Pharmacology accepts, in English, Review articles, articles for Educational forum, Original research articles, Short communications, Rapid communications and Letters to the Editor. Articles concerning fundamental and clinical aspects of pharmacology, chemotherapy, ethnopharmacology, pharmacoepidemiology and molecular pharmacology will be considered. Articles of general interest discussing methods, therapeutics, medical education, interesting websites, new drug information and commentary on a recent topic are also welcome.

Review Articles and Educational Forum:
Review articles are written by researchers of considerable experience in the field concerned. The author should review the recent trend or advances in that field in the light of his own work.

However, when an author has not done enough original work on a topic but nevertheless wants to share the knowledge on recent advances/trends which may be useful for post-graduate students, he may do so by writing an article for Educational Forum.

The major portion of above articles should deal with the upto-date developments in the field in the last 3-5 years. Authors are advised to search Medline and other databases on the Internet, apart from collecting information using conventional methods.

Research papers:
Original research work will be considered under these sections depending on the volume and quality of work.

Methods:
Articles on new methods/procedures on drug evaluation, testing and analyses will be published. Innovative studies on established methodologies and their modifications will also be considered. The articles must be supported by data.

Rapid communication:
An article will be accepted for rapid communication if it merits priority publication. The decision of acceptance or otherwise will be communicated within 4 weeks of receipt of the manuscript and accepted articles will be published in the following issue.

Research letters:
Preliminary work with hard data can be published as a Letter. Brief research communications will also be accepted under this section.

Correspondence:
Comment(s) on previously published articles, items of current interest, description of statistical methods and articles of general interest and views can be submitted for this section.

Computers:
Articles on computing and computer programs related to pharmacology research and/or teaching are welcome under this section. The source code (or the executable file) of the program must be sent in a diskette for evaluation. Articles describing commercial software related to pharmacology are also welcome.

Teaching aids:
Reports on the innovative use of teaching aids are welcome under this section. The report must give adequate details so that others can try.

Case reports:
The journal welcomes adverse drug reaction reporting and interesting case reports pertaining to pharmacotherapy.

Meeting reports:
Conference (pharmacology) reports can be submitted for publication. Submission must be through e-mail only.

Web-Wise:
Interesting and useful websites can be reviewed under this section. Contact the Chief Editor for guidelines.

Molecules of the Millennium:
Information on new drugs under investigation can be published. Contact the Chief Editor for guidelines.

Fillers:
The readers can send in brief write-ups for fillers. This may include anecdotes, pictures and photographs.

If your proposed contribution does not fall under any of the above categories, please contact the Chief Editor.

3. EDITORIAL POLICY
Indian Journal of Pharmacology considers only original communications/articles/write-ups submitted exclusively to the journal. Prior and duplicate publications are not allowed. Publication of abstract under conference proceedings will not be considered as prior publication. It is the duty of the authors to inform the IJP about all submissions and previous reports that might be regarded as prior or duplicate publication.

Manuscripts for publication will be considered on their individual merits. All manuscripts will be subjected to peer review. Normally manuscripts will be sent to at least two reviewers and their comments along with the editorial board's decision will be forwarded to the contributor for further action. The authors may suggest not more than 5 referees working in the same area for evaluating the manuscript. However, the IJP reserves the right to choose referees (even not suggested by the authors).

The editorial board may invite articles for review section or educational forum from those with considerable standing in the field. However, such an invitation does not automatically guarantee their publication. These articles will also be subjected to review process and accepted only if found suitable. Unsolicited articles for review and educational forum sections will also be considered.

The IJP insists on ethical practices in both human and animal experimentation. Evidence for approval by a local Ethics Committee (for both human as well as animal studies) must be supplied by the authors on demand. Animal experimental procedures should be as humane as possible and the details of anaesthetics and analgesics used should be clearly stated. The ethical standards of experiments must be in accordance with the guidelines provided by the CPCSEA (animal) and ICMR (human). The journal will not consider any paper which is ethically unacceptable. A statement on ethics committee permission and ethical practices must be included in all research articles under the 'Materials and Methods' section.

Authors must be careful when they reproduce text, tables or illustrations from other sources. Plagiarism will be viewed seriously. Please See Section 10.

All accepted papers are subject to editorial changes.

Copyright: Any article accepted for publication/published in the Indian Journal of Pharmacology will be the copyright of the journal. The journal has the right to publish the accepted articles in any media (print, electronic or any other) any number of times. The authors should agree to transfer copyright and sign a declaration to this effect.

4. SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS

4.1. Paper copy
Three copies of each manuscript should be submitted to the Chief Editor. The copies must be legible. Lack of contrast and faded or/and worn out appearance will lead to rejection.

4.2. Electronic copy
An electronic version of the manuscript may be submitted on a PC diskette or through e-mail. The running text has to be in MS-Word format (*.pdf format is not acceptable). The figures may be embedded in the Word file or submitted as separate files and should be created using MS-Excel. If any other software is used the graphic files may be converted to *.pcx, *.tiff, *.jpg format. It is desirable that these details are mentioned in the covering letter. The diskette must be clearly labelled. The label must contain the title of the manuscript and the corresponding author's name, affiliations, title and address.

In case of any discrepancy between paper and disk versions of manuscript, the paper version will be considered for review.

The diskette must be properly packed in order to prevent damage during postal journey. The authors should use only new diskettes. The diskettes are not returnable. The IJP office is not responsible for any damage occurring to the diskette during postal transit.

Those who submit manuscripts electronically (via e-mail or on a diskette) need NOT submit paper copies. The authors are strongly recommended to submit the manuscripts electronically. However they must submit the Authors' declaration and Copyright transfer (Annexure I) on paper along with a covering letter.

4.3. E-mail
Manuscripts submitted by e-mail should be sent as attached files (in MS Word format) only.

4.4. Final version
Final, accepted version of the manuscript must be submitted on a diskette or by e-mail only.

4.5. Undertaking
The manuscript must be submitted with a statement, signed by all the authors, regarding the originality, authorship and transfer of copy right as per the format given in Annexure I.

4.6. Mailing address
Dr.R.Raveendran, Chief Editor, Indian Journal of Pharmacology, JIPMER, Pondicherry - 605 006, India. Phone No: (0413) 2271969, Fax No: (0413) 2272067, E-mail:ijp@jipmer.edu.

5. PREPARATION OF THE MANUSCRIPT
Authors should keep their manuscripts as short as they reasonably can.

Manuscripts should be typed double spaced on one side of good quality A4 size paper. Page number should appear in the upper right hand corner of each page, beginning with the title page.

The language of manuscript must be simple and explicit. The authors who are not confident are advised to consult those experienced in scientific writing and communication. Papers in recent issues of the Indian Journal of Pharmacology should be consulted for the general format adopted in respect to various elements of a paper.

5.1. Research papers
It should be arranged into the following sections:
1) Title page, 2) Abstract and Key words, 3) Introduction, 4) Materials and Methods, 5) Results, 6) Discussion, 7) Acknowledgement, 8) References, 9) Tables, 10) Figures.

The total number of words should not exceed 3200.

5.1.1. Title page
It should be paginated as page 1 of the paper. It should carry the title, authors' names and their affiliations, running title, address for correspondence including e-mail address and also a list of number of pages, figures and tables.

Title: Must be informative, specific and short and not exceed 150 characters.

Authors and affiliations: The names of authors and their appropriate addresses should be given.

It should be made clear which address relates to which author.

Running title: It is a short title printed in the journal at the right top corner of right hand page of the article (except the lead page). A short running title of not more than 50 characters should be given.

Address for correspondence: The corresponding author's address should be given in the title page. The fax number (if available) may be mentioned. The e-mail ID of the corresponding author or the contact e-mail ID must also be provided.

5.1.2. Abstract and key words
Abstract:It must start on a new page carrying the following information: (a) Title (without authors' names or affiliations), (b) Abstract, (c) Key words, (d) Running title. It should not exceed 250 words excluding the title and the key words. The abstract must be concise, clear and informative rather than indicative. New and important aspects must be emphasized.

The abstract must be in a structured form consisting of OBJECTIVES, METHODS, RESULTS and CONCLUSIONS briefly explaining what was intended, done, observed and concluded. Authors should state the main conclusions clearly and not in vague statements. The conclusions and recommendations not found in the text of the article should not be given in the abstract.

Key words:Provide 3-5 keywords which will help readers or indexing agencies in cross-indexing the study. The words found in title need not be given as key words.

It should be made clear which address relates to which author.

Use terms from the latest Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of Index Medicus. A more general term may be used if a suitable MeSH term is not available.

Address for correspondence: The corresponding author's address should be given in the title page. The fax number (if available) may be mentioned. The e-mail ID of the corresponding author or the contact e-mail ID must also be provided.

5.1.3. Introduction
It should start on a new page. Essentially this section must introduce the subject and briefly say how the idea for research originated. Give a concise background of the study. Do not review literature extensively but provide the most recent work that has a direct bearing on the subject. Justification for research aims and objectives must be clearly mentioned without any ambiguity. The purpose of the study should be stated at the end.

5.1.4. Materials and Methods
This section should deal with the materials used and the methodology - how the work was carried out. The procedure adopted should be described in sufficient detail to allow the experiment to be interpreted and repeated by the readers, if necessary. The number of subjects, the number of groups studied, the study design, sources of drugs with dosage regimen or instruments used, statistical methods and ethical aspects must be mentioned under the section. The methodology - the data collection procedure - must be described in sufficient detail. If a procedure is a commonly used one, giving a reference (previously published) would suffice. If a method is not well known (though previously published) it is better to describe it briefly. Give explicit descriptions of modifications or new methods so that the readers can judge their accuracy, reproducibility and reliability.

The nomenclature, the source of material and equipment used, with details of the manufacturers in parentheses, should be clearly mentioned. Drugs and chemicals should be precisely identified using their non-proprietary names or generic names. If necessary, the proprietary or commercial name may be inserted once in parentheses. The first letter of the drug name should be small for generic name (e.g., dipyridamole, propranolol) but capitalized for proprietary names (e.g., Persantin, Inderal). New or uncommon drug should be identified by the chemical name and structural formula.

The doses of drugs should be given as unit weight per kilogram body weight e.g., mg/kg and the concentrations should be given in terms of molarity e.g., nm or mM. The routes of administration may be abbreviated, e.g., intraarterial (i.a.), intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.), intra-gastric gavage (i.g.), intramuscular (i.m.), intraperitoneal (i.p.), intravenous (i.v.), per os (p.o.), subcutaneous (s.c.), transdermal (t.d.).

Statistical Methods: The variation of data should be expressed in terms of the standard error of the mean (SEM) or the standard deviation (SD), along with the number of observations (n). The details of statistical tests used and the level of significance should be stated. If more than one test is used it is important to indicate which groups and parameters have been subjected to which test.

5.1.5. Results
This section should deal with the interpretation, rather than recapitulation of results. It is important to discuss the new and significant observations in the light of previous work. Discuss also the weaknesses or pitfalls in the study. New hypotheses or recommendations can be put forth.

5.1.6. Discussion
The results should be stated concisely without comments. It should be presented in logical sequence in the text with appropriate reference to tables and/or figures. The data given in tables or figures should not be repeated in the text. The same data should not be presented in both tabular and graphic forms. Simple data may be given in the text itself instead of figures or tables. Avoid discussions and conclusions in the results section.
Avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by the data. Repetition of information given under Introduction and Results should be avoided. Conclusions must be drawn considering the strengths and weaknesses of the study. They must be conveyed in the last paragraph under Discussion. Make sure conclusions drawn should tally with the objectives stated under Introduction.

5.1.7. Acknowledgements
It should be typed in a new page. Acknowledge only persons who have contributed to the scientific content or provided technical support. Sources of financial support should be mentioned.

5.1.8. References
It should begin on a new page. The number of references should normally be restricted to a maximum of 25 for a full paper. Majority of them should preferably be of articles published in the last 5 years.

Papers which have been submitted and accepted but not yet published may be included in the list of references with the name of the journal and indicated as "In press". A photocopy of the acceptance letter should be submitted with the manuscript. Information from manuscript "submitted" but "not yet accepted" should not be included.

Avoid using abstracts as references. The "unpublished observations" and "personal communications" may not be used as references but may be inserted (in parentheses) in the text.

References are to be cited in the text by superscribed number and should be in the order in which they appear. References cited only in tables or in legends to figures should be numbered in accordance with a sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or illustration. As far as possible mentioning names of author(s) for reference should be avoided in the text.

The references must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents. The list of references should be typed double spaced following the Vancouver style. Examples are given in Annexure II.

5.1.9. Tables
Each table must be self-explanatory and presented in such a way that they are easily understandable without referring to the text. It should be typed with double spacing and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Provide a short descriptive caption above each table with foot notes and/or explanations underneath. The number of observations, subjects and the units of numerical figures must be given. It is also important to mention whether the given values are mean, median, mean±SD or mean±SEM. All significant results must be indicated using asterisks. Appropriate positions for the tables within the text may be indicated.


Check list for Table
Serially numbered?
Short self explanatory caption given?
Columns have headings?
Units of data given?
'n' mentioned?
Mean ± SD or Mean ± SEM given?
Statistical significance of groups indicated by asterisks or other markers?
P values given?
Rows and columns properly aligned?
Appropriate position in the text indicated?

5.1.10. Figures
Each figure must be numbered and a short descriptive caption must be provided. All significant results should be indicated using asterisks. For graphs and flow charts, it is not necessary to submit the photographs. A manually prepared or computer drawn figure (with good contrast) on a good quality paper is acceptable. Raw data for graphs must be submitted when the article is accepted for publication. This will enable the editorial office to draw the graph on computer and incorporate it in the text at an appropriate place.


Check list for Figure
Serially numbered?
Self explanatory caption given?
X and Y axes graduated?
X and Y axes titled (legend)?
Units mentioned (if necessary)?
Different symbols/markers for different groups given?
SD or SEM represented (graphically)?
Statistical significance indicated?
Approximate position in the text marked?

For other diagrams (e.g., tissue structure, ECG and instrument set up etc.), strongly contrasting black and white photographic print on a glossy paper must be submitted. Photocopies, rather than original prints can be submitted alongwith manuscript for initial processing.

Identify each figure/diagrams on the back with a typed label which shows the number of the figure, the name of the leading author, the title of the manuscript and the top side of the figure. The approximate position of each figure should be marked on the margin of the text.

Three figures per article will be printed free of charge. The authors will be charged for additional figures. The contributor(s) must bear the full cost of printing color plates if any.

Legends for figures should be typed under the figure if possible or on a separate sheet.

Large/complex tables or figures may be submitted in "Final Print (camera ready) format" which will be scanned and printed as such.
5.1.11.Checklist for RCT
The authors reporting randomized controlled trial (RCT) should refer the checklist (Annexure III). The relevant items of the checklist may be referred for reporting other trials.

5.2. Rapid communications
The manuscript should not be divided into sub-sections. It may have up to 1200 words (including a maximum of 6 references) and one figure or one table.

5.3. Research Letter
A letter can have a maximum of 800 words (including a maximum of 4 references) with one simple figure or table. The manuscript should not have sub-sections.

5.4. Review articles and Educational forum
These should contain title page, summary (need not be structured) and key words. The text proper should be written under appropriate sub-headings. The authors are encouraged to use flowcharts, boxes, cartoons, simple tables and figures for better presentation. The total number of text words should not exceed 6400 and the total number of figures and tables should not be more than 10.

5.5. Methods
The format and other requirements are same as that of short communication.

5.6. Correspondence, Computers, Teaching aids, Case reports
There is no fixed format for articles published under these sections. The length should not exceed 1400 words.

5.7. Molecules of the Millennium, Web-Wise, Meeting reports
Contact the Chief Editor for guidelines for preparation of these articles.

5.8. Fillers
The write-up must be brief and should not exceed 300 words. Interesting pictures and photographs may be submitted.

6.REVISED MANUSCRIPT
The authors should revise the manuscript immediately after receipt of the comments from the IJP. A note mentioning the changes incorporated in the revised text as per referee's comments (point by point) should be sent. The revised manuscript has to be submitted in duplicate along with the annotated original paper within 3 months; else the manuscript will be considered withdrawn by the authors.

Calling for revision does not guarantee acceptance. Those revised manuscripts which underwent major revision are likely to be sent to referees for evaluation. If the authors have substantial reasons that their manuscript was rejected unjustifiably, they may request for reconsideration. The correspondence in this regard should be sent in triplicate.

7. PROOFS
Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author for final checking. It is the authors' responsibility to go through the proof meticulously and correct errors if any. Correction should be restricted to printer's error only and no substantial addition/deletion should be made. Proofs may be sent by e-mail, if the corresponding author has an e-mail address.

8. REPRINTS
Reprints must be ordered while returning the corrected page proofs. The charges will be very high for late orders.

9. OMBUDSMAN
Those who have disputes with the journal can seek the help of the Ombudsman for the IJP. The ombudsman is a neutral person who does not have conflicting interests with the journal. He/she is appointed by the journal but does not receive any monetary or other benefits for the services rendered. Readers, contributors, subscribers and advertisers can approach him/her for redressal on any issue that is not sorted out by the journal to their satisfaction. The ombudsman's ruling will be binding on both the parties i.e. the complainant and the journal.

10. PLAGIARISM
Authors should note that :
copying verbatim text, tables or illustrations from any source (journal article, book, monographs, thesis, Internet/any electronic media or any other published or unpublished material) and passing it as ones own is considered plagiarism whether or not a reference to the copied portion is given.
listing the source of copied material under 'References' does not absolve the authors of plagiarism.
if a few lines of text are to be reproduced from any source, 'the author' and 'the source' must be clearly indicated in the text. The reproduced lines must be in italics and given within quotes. If it is a paragraph it must be slightly indented also. To reproduce large portions of text, permission from the copyright owner(s) must be obtained and submitted to the IJP.
to reproduce tables or illustrations, permission from the copyright owner(s) must be obtained and a copy of the permission letter must be submitted to the journal. The source must be clearly acknowledged under the table or the illustration as required by the copyright owner(s).

11. LIMITATIONS FOR PAPERS SUBMITTED UNDER EACH CATEGORY

Article type Abstract No. of words Key words: No. of words Running title No. of characters Text: No. of words Sub-headings Tables:/ Figures max. No. Number of Reference
RA & EF < 250 3-5 < 50 < 6400 Variable Total of ten < 100
RP < 250 3-5 < 50 < 3200 Standard Total of six < 25
ME < 150 3-5 < 50 < 1600 Standard Total of two < 12
RC NR NR < 50 < 1200 No SH 1 or 1 < 6
LE NR NR < 50 < 800 No SH 1 or 1 < 4
CO NR NR < 50 < 1400 Variable 2 or 2 < 4
CP NR NR < 50 < 1400 Variable 2 or 2 < 4
TA NR NR < 50 < 1400 Variable 2 or 2 < 4
CR NR NR < 50 < 1400 Variable 2 or 2 < 4


RA=Review Article;EF-Educational Forum; RP=Research paper; RC=Rapid communication; ME=Methods; LE=Research Letter; CO=Correspondence; CP=Computers; TA=Teaching Aids; CR=Case Report; NR=Not Required; SH=Sub-headings.

MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION: CHECKLIST
Cover letter
Copyright statement signed by all authors
Three copies of manuscript with photocopies of illustrations attached to each.
Title page
Title of manuscript
Full name(s) and affiliations of author(s); institution(s) and city(ies) from which the work originated.
Name, address, telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address of corresponding author
Running title
Number of pages, number of figures and number of tables.
Abstract - in structured form along with title, key words and running title.
Article proper (double spaced)
Acknowledgements (separate sheet)
References
Tables
Figures/photographs and legends
Permissions to reproduce published material.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANNEXURE I

INDIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, JIPMER, PONDICHERRY - 605006
DECLARATION AND COPYRIGHT TRANSFER FORM: TO BE SIGNED BY ALL AUTHORS

I/We, the undersigned author(s) of the manuscript entitled________________________________________________________________hereby declare that
the above manuscript which is submitted for publication in the Indian Journal of Pharmacology is NOT under consideration elsewhere.
the manuscript is NOT published already in part or whole (except in the form of abstract) in any journal or magazine for private or public circulation. We have read section 10 of instructions to authors (Writing for the IJP - Guidelines for authors, Dec 2002) and are fully aware of what plagiarism is. No part of this manuscript (referenced or otherwise) has been copied verbatim from any source. Permission to reproduce table no. _____ and figure no. _____ has been obtained and submitted. Reproduced text, if any has been given in italics and within quotes.
I/we give consent for publication in the IJP in any media (print, electronic or any other) and transfer copyright to the IJP in the event of its publication in the IJP.
I/we do not have any conflict of interest (financial or other) other than those declared*.
I/we have read the final version of the manuscript and am/are responsible for what is said in it.
the work described in the manuscript is my/our own and my/our individual contribution to this work is significant enough to qualify for authorship.
no one who has contributed significantly to the work has been denied authorship and those who helped have been duly acknowledged.
I/we also agree to the authorship of the article in the following sequence:

Author's name Signature
1.----------------- -----------------

2.----------------- -----------------

3.----------------- -----------------

NOTE:
All authors are required to sign this form.
No addition, deletion or change in the sequence of authors is allowed at a later stage without valid reasons.
If the authorship is contested before publication the manuscript will be either returned or kept in abeyance till the issue is resolved.
This form may be photocopied and used.

AUTHORSHIP AND RESPONSIBILITIES
Anyone who makes significant intellectual contribution must be given authorship.
Every author must be involved in planning, implementation and analysis of the research study and its presentation in the form of the manuscript. In case some clarification is sought, they should be able to reply to the queries.
Authors should be ready to take public responsibility for the content of the paper.
All the authors in a manuscript are responsible for the technical information communicated. For this reason it is necessary that all authors must read and approve the final version of the manuscript before signing the consent and declaration form.

*Conflicts of interests if any, the details must be declared in a separate sheet.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ANNEXURE II

EXAMPLES OF REFERENCES - VANCOUVER STYLE
(from Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts, www.icmje.org)

Articles in Journals
1. Standard journal article
List the first six authors followed by et al. (Note: NLM now lists up through 25 authors; if there are more than 25 authors, NLM lists the first 24, then the last author, then et al.)

Vega KJ, Pina I, Krevsky B. Heart transplantation is associated with an increased risk for pancreatobiliary disease. Ann Intern Med 1996 Jun 1;124(11):980-3.

As an option, if a journal carries continuous pagination throughout a volume (as many medical journals do) the month and issue number may be omitted.
(Note: For consistency, the option is used throughout the examples in Uniform Requirements. NLM does not use the option.)

Vega KJ, Pina I, Krevsky B. Heart transplantation is associated with an increased risk for pancreatobiliary disease. Ann Intern Med 1996;124: 980-3.

More than six authors:
Parkin DM, Clayton D, Black RJ, Masuyer E, Friedl HP, Ivanov E, et al. Childhood leukaemia in Europe after Chernobyl: 5 year follow-up. Br J Cancer 1996;73:1006-12.

2. Organization as author
The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Clinical exercise stress testing. Safety and performance guidelines. Med J Aust 1996; 164: 282-4.

3. No author given
Cancer in South Africa [editorial]. S Afr Med J 1994;84:15.

4. Article not in English
(Note: NLM translates the title to English, encloses the translation in square brackets, and adds an abbreviated language designator.) Ryder TE, Haukeland EA, Solhaug JH. Bilateral infrapatellar seneruptur hostidligere frisk kvinne. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 1996;116:41-2.

5. Volume with supplement
Shen HM, Zhang QF. Risk assess-ment of nickel carcinogenicity and occupational lung cancer. Environ Health Perspect 1994;102 Suppl 1:275-82.

6. Issue with supplement
Payne DK, Sullivan MD, Massie MJ. Women's psychological reactions to breast cancer. Semin Oncol 1996; 23(1 Suppl 2):89-97.

7. Volume with part
Ozben T, Nacitarhan S, Tuncer N. Plasma and urine sialic acid in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Ann Clin Biochem 1995;32(Pt 3):303-6.

8. Issue with part
Poole GH, Mills SM. One hundred consecutive cases of flap lacerations of the leg in ageing patients. N Z Med J 1994;107(986 Pt 1):377-8.

9. Issue with no volume
Turan I, Wredmark T, Fellander-Tsai L. Arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis in rheumatoid arthritis. Clin Orthop 1995;(320):110-4.

10. No issue or volume
Browell DA, Lennard TW. Immuno-logic status of the cancer patient and the effects of blood transfusion on antitumor responses. Curr Opin Gen Surg 1993:325-33.

11. Pagination in Roman numerals
Fisher GA, Sikic BI. Drug resistance in clinical oncology and hematology. Introduction. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 1995 Apr;9(2):xi-xii.

12. Type of article indicated as needed
Enzensberger W, Fischer PA. Metronome in Parkinson's disease [letter]. Lancet 1996;347:1337. Clement J, De Bock R. Hematological complications of hantavirus nephro-pathy (HVN) [abstract]. Kidney Int 1992;42:1285.

13. Article containing retraction
Garey CE, Schwarzman AL, Rise ML, Seyfried TN. Ceruloplasmin gene defect associated with epilepsy in EL mice [retraction of Garey CE, Schwarzman AL, Rise ML, Seyfried TN. In: Nat Genet 1994;6:426-31]. Nat Genet 1995;11:104.

14. Article retracted
Liou GI, Wang M, Matragoon S. Precocious IRBP gene expression during mouse development [retracted in Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1994; 35:3127]. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1994;35:1083-8.

15. Article with published erratum
Hamlin JA, Kahn AM. Herniography in symptomatic patients following inguinal hernia repair [published erratum appears in West J Med 1995;162:278]. West J Med 1995;162: 28-31. Books and Other Monographs (Note: Previous Vancouver style incorrectly had a comma rather than a semicolon between the publisher and the date.)

16. Personal author(s)
Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996.

17. Editor(s), compiler(s) as author
Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

18. Organization as author and publisher
Institute of Medicine (US). Looking at the future of the Medicaid program. Washington: The Institute; 1992.

19. Chapter in a book
(Note: Previous Vancouver style had a colon rather than a p before pagination.) Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hyperten-sion: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p. 465-78.

20. Conference proceedings
Kimura J, Shibasaki H, editors. Recent advances in clinical neuro-physiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology; 1995 Oct 15-19; Kyoto, Japan. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1996.

21. Conference paper
Bengtsson S, Solheim BG. Enforce-ment of data protection, privacy and security in medical informatics. In: Lun KC, Degoulet P, Piemme TE, Rienhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Procee-dings of the 7th World Congress on Medical Infor-matics; 1992 Sep 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North-Holland; 1992. p. 1561-5.

22. Scientific or technical report
Issued by funding/sponsoring agency: Smith P, Golladay K. Payment for durable medical equipment billed during skilled nursing facility stays. Final report. Dallas (TX): Dept. of Health and Human Services (US), Office of Evaluation and Inspections; 1994 Oct. Report No.: HHSIGOEI69200860. Issued by performing agency: Field MJ, Tranquada RE, Feasley JC, editors. Health services research: work force and educational issues. Washington: National Academy Press; 1995. Contract No.: AHCPR282942008. Sponsored by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.

23. Dissertation
Kaplan SJ. Post-hospital home health care: the elderly's access and utilization [dissertation]. St. Louis (MO): Washington Univ.; 1995.

24. Patent
Larsen CE, Trip R, Johnson CR, in-ventors; Novoste Corporation, assignee. Methods for procedures re-lated to the electrophysiology of the heart. US patent 5,529,067. 1995 Jun 25. Other Published Material

25. Newspaper article
Lee G. Hospitalizations tied to ozone pollution: study estimates 50,000 admissions annually. The Washington Post 1996 Jun 21;Sect. A:3 (col. 5).

26. Audiovisual material
HIV+/AIDS: the facts and the future [videocassette]. St. Louis (MO): Mosby-Year Book; 1995.

27. Legal material
Public law: Preventive Health Amendments of 1993, Pub. L. No. 103-183, 107 Stat. 2226 (Dec. 14, 1993).
Unenacted bill: Medical Records Confidentiality Act of 1995, S. 1360, 104th Cong., 1st Sess. (1995).

Code of Federal Regulations:
Informed Consent, 42 C.F.R. Sect. 441.257 (1995).
Hearing: Increased Drug Abuse: the Impact on the Nation's Emergency Rooms: Hearings Before the Subcomm. on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations of the House Comm. on Government Operations, 103rd Cong., 1st Sess. (May 26, 1993).

28. Map
North Carolina. Tuberculosis rates per 100,000 population, 1990 [demo-graphic map]. Raleigh: North Carolina Dept. of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Div. of Epidemio-logy; 1991.

29. Book of the Bible
The Holy Bible. King James version. Grand Rapids (MI): Zondervan Publishing House; 1995. Ruth 3:1-18.

30. Dictionary and similar references
Stedman's medical dictionary. 26th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1995. Apraxia; p. 119-20.

31. Classical material
The Winter's Tale: act 5, scene 1, lines 13-16. The complete works of William Shakespeare. London: Rex; 1973. Unpublished Material

32. In press
(Note: NLM prefers "forthcoming" because not all items will be printed.) Leshner AI. Molecular mechanisms of cocaine addiction. N Engl J Med. In press 1996.

Electronic Material
33. Journal article in electronic format
Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] 1995 Jan-Mar [cited 1996 Jun 5];1(1):[24 screens]. Avai

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