Did you know...
For this article and others from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=zr&year=2013&vol=34&num=01&keys=V34N1
Bioline News Blog
The Bioline News Blog provides updates about Bioline International - a not-for-profit organization coordinating a digital platform for peer reviewed, open-access bioscience journals published in developing countries. Bioline is a cooperative project involving two principal parties: Bioline International (Toronto) at the University of Toronto at Scarborough, Department of Social Sciences and UTSC Library, as well as The Reference Center on Environmental Information (CRIA), based in Brazil.
Wednesday, May 15, 2013
Did you know...
Did you know glucocorticoids, molecules that serve a variety of functions in the body, can influence reward-based reinforcement and memory processing? In vol. 34 no. 1 of Zoological Research, an article, "Blockage of glucocorticoid receptors during memory acquisition, retrieval and reconsolidation prevents the expression of morphineinduced conditioned place preferences in mice" by Fan et al. discusses how the blockage of glucocorticoid receptors during memory functions prevents reward-based reinforcement in mice. In this study, mice were treated with a glucocorticoid antagonist (which blocks the glucocorticoid receptor) and were found to have impaired reward-based memory and sensitization behavior.
For this article and others from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=zr&year=2013&vol=34&num=01&keys=V34N1
Tuesday, May 14, 2013
Featured New Issue: African Journal of Reproductive Health Vol.17 No.1
Vol. 17 no. 1 of the African Journal of Reproductive Health contains an article by Wasiu O. Adebimpe titled, "Challenges Facing Early Infant Diagnosis of HIV among Infants in Resource Poor Settings". This article discusses the need for sustainable HIV programs, as the number of children with HIV continues to grow. The article also discusses the decrease in mortality rates of infants whose HIV is diagnosed and managed as early as possible.
For this article and others from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=rh&year=2013&vol=17&num=01&keys=V17N1
Monday, May 13, 2013
Did you know...
Did you know that fruit flies are not just domestic pests, but can also severely damage crops as well? The species of invasive fruit fly, Bacteria invadens, was first detected in Africa in 2003 in Kenya. One article by José et al. titled "Assessment of Invasive Fruit Fly Fruit Infestation and Damage in Cabo Delgado Province, Northern Mozambique" studies the effects of B.invadens on crops and the extent of their damage, as well as the infestation levels in different fruits in Mozambique.
You can find this article and others from this issue here: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=cs&year=2013&vol=21&num=01&keys=V21N1
Friday, May 10, 2013
Featured Issue: African Journal of Biomedical Research Vol.14 No.1, 2 & 3
Did you know that there are an estimated 2 million deaths a year caused by Tuberculosis? In vol.14 no.1 of the African Journal of Biomedical Research, one article "In-Vitro Susceptibility of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis to Extracts of Uvaria Afzelli Scott Elliot and Tetracera Alnifolia Willd" by Lawal et al. discusses the need for new anti-tuberculosis drugs, due to the increase of resistance of MDR- and XDR- TB strains. As a result, in this article, extracts of Uvaria afzelli root bark and Tetracera alnifolia leaves and root bark were studied to determine if they could be used to treat Tuberculosis.
For the results of this study and other articles from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=md&year=2011&vol=14&num=01&keys=V14N1
Vol.14 no. 2 includes an article, "Awareness of Contraceptive Methods amongst Married Male Population of Ekpoma, Nigeria" by Akpamu et. al in which 640 married men in Ekpoma, Nigeria were surveyed to assess their knowledge of contraceptive methods. The results showed that overall, awareness of contraceptive methods was high, and that the next steps to take would be to educate the population on the impact and responsibility of parenthood.
For this article and others from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=md&year=2011&vol=14&num=02&keys=V14N2
A follow up to that article can be found in no.3, titled "Contraceptive Choice amongst Married Men in Ekpoma, Nigeria" by Iribhogbe et al. This study also surveys 640 married men in Ekpoma, Nigeria, but the objective this time around is to find out their most preferred method of contraception. The results showed that female contraception was the method that the men most preferred, but that male contraception was the method most used.
For more details on this study and other articles from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=md&year=2011&vol=14&num=03&keys=V14N3
Thursday, May 09, 2013
Featured Issues: African Health Science Vol. 12 No. 3 & 4
This is the first time we are featuring the African Health Science journal on our blog! Here are some highlights from issues 3 & 4 of vol.12:
In issue 3, one article by Emdin & Millson, "A systematic review evaluating the impact of task shifting on access to antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa", reviews articles discussing the effects of shifting antiretroviral therapy initiation and management from physicians to nurses, in hopes that this shift will increase access to HIV treatment. Fun fact: The two authors of this article are from U of T!
For this article and others from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=hs&year=2012&vol=12&num=03&keys=v12n3
An article titled "Perceived body image and weight: discrepancies and gender differences among University undergraduates" written by Maruf et al. can be found in issue 4. The articles discuss body image (BI) based on factors such as perception, attitude, behaviour and feedback from others. Based off feedback and the degree of acceptance of the feedback, self-evaluation and perception can be influenced.
For the results of this study and other articles from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=hs&year=2012&vol=12&num=04&keys=v12n4
Did you know...
Did you know that Hippophae rhamnoides, a deciduous shrub commonly known as sea-buckthorn, has been found to improve the elasticity of aging skin? Improvement was seen after 7 weeks of treatment!
If you would like more information, read "Anti-aging effects on Hippophae rhamnoides emulsion on human skin" by Khan et al. found in vol.11 no.6 of the Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research.
You can also find other articles from this issue here: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=pr&year=2012&vol=11&num=06&keys=v11n6
Wednesday, May 08, 2013
Featured Issues: African Journal of Biomedical Research Vol. 13 No. 1, 2, & 3
Here are some highlights from volume 13 of the African Journal of Biomedical Research:
Whereas the current tradition to treat Diabetes mellitus (or Diabetes) is for patients to take insulin, traditional healers have used the herb extract Rothmannia Hispida instead to relieve its symptoms!
Read more about it in "Comparative Effects of Rothmannia Hispida Leaves Extract and Protamine-Zinc Insulin on Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats" in issue 1.
You can find other articles from this issue here: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=md&year=2010&vol=13&num=01&keys=V13N1
In vol.13 no.2, a study was conducted to answer this question: would estrogen and sodium chloride affect fasting blood sugar and weight gain in female diabetic rats? In this article, "Effect of Estrogen and Sodium Chloride on Fasting Blood Sugar and Weight-Gain in Female Diabetic Rats", the diabetic rats were injected with both estrogen and sodium chloride, which resulted in a significant reduction in their FBS level. Also, estrogen seemed to slow down weight gain, whereas sodium chloride seemed to increase weight gain. The authors indicated that as a result, estrogen and sodium chloride both enhance glucose utilization.
You can find this article and others from this issue here: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=md&year=2010&vol=13&num=02&keys=V13N2
Vol. 13 no.3 includes an article, "Pattern of Prescriptions among Elderly Diabetic-Hypertensive Patients in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital", which studies diabetic-hypertensive elderly patients, their age, sex, the effect of the number of prescribed drugs they take, and the effect of any inappropriately prescribed drugs they may take. The results showed that there was no significant correlation between age, sex, and the number of prescribed drugs taken.
For more information on this study and other articles from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=md&year=2010&vol=13&num=03&keys=V13N3
Monday, April 29, 2013
Featured Issue: International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology (IJEST) Vol. 8 No. 4
We've recently uploaded vol. 8 no. 4 of the International Journal of Environment Science and Technology on Bioline! This issue contains "Heavy metals contamination in water and sediments of an urban river in a developing country", a study of the Buriganga river in Bangladesh to determine the correlation between the different amounts of heavy metals in the water and the different seasons and temperatures.
For the results of the study and other articles on related topics such as lake water quality, trace metals in dam reservoirs, chemical fertilizer monitoring, and removal of heavy metals, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=st&year=2011&vol=8&num=04&keys=V8n4
Friday, April 26, 2013
Featured Issues: Vol. 12 No. 1, 2 & 3 of the African Journal of Biomedical Research
The African Journal of Biomedical Research has been updated on Bioline. We will be featuring more issues from this journal in the next couple of weeks. Stay tuned!
Here are some highlights from volume 12:
Vol. 12 no. 1 includes "The Hazards of Non-Ionizing Radiation of Telecommunication mast in an Urban Area of Lagos, Nigeria", a study of the socio-demographics and hazard profiles of people affected by non-ionizing radiation from a telecommunication mast in Lagos, Nigeria. The results of the study showed that 60.8% of respondents were youth. Headache was a common symptom for 51.6% of respondents.
For this article and other articles from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/abstract?id=md09006&lang=en
Vol. 12 no. 2 contains "Water Metabolism and Nutrition in Animals Exposed to Water Scarcity and Hot Environment", a study done to investigate how much animals eat in relation to their water metabolism under harsh environmental conditions. For this particular study, eight indigenous goats were used. The results showed that goats who drank more water ate less food.
For the details of this study and other articles from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=md&year=2009&vol=12&num=02&keys=V12N2
Vol. 12 no. 3 contains an article discussing the screening of beef for antibacterial residues - "Preliminary Screening of Beef Consumed in Ibadan, Nigeria for Antibacterial Residues". 69.74% of the samples were shown to contain antibacterial residues.
For more details on this study and other articles from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=md&year=2009&vol=12&num=03&keys=V12N3
Tuesday, April 16, 2013
Did you know...
Did you know that certain parasites and diseases can spread from one distinct species to another? In VITAE Academia Biomédica Digital's no. 52 issue, the article "Ocular miasis caused by Oestrus ovis. Report of a case" studies a parasite referred to as the Diptera larvae, which can infect animals and, in rare cases, humans.
For this article and other articles from this issue, please go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=va&year=2012&vol=0&num=52&keys=V0N52
Monday, April 15, 2013
Did you know...
Did you know that DNA and RNA nucleotide changes can have minor to drastic effects on a person? An article in Bioline's recently posted vol. 108 no. 1 issue of Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz ("Response to treatment in Brazilian patients with chronic hepatitis C is associated with a single-nucleotide polymorphism near the interleukin-28B gene") studies Brazilian patients who suffer from chronic hepatitis C. These patients responded to treatments differently based on a single-nucleotide polymorphism near the interleukin 28B-gene. This research may determine the best course of treatment for a patient depending on the change near the interleukin-28B gene.
Want to learn more? Read other articles from Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz vol. 108 no. 1 here: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=oc&year=2013&vol=108&num=01&keys=v108N1.
Friday, April 12, 2013
Featured Issue: Special Issue of Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz Vol. 107
Did you know that leprosy (also known as Hansen's disease) affects many people around the world today? This special issue of vol. 107 of Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz focuses on leprosy. The issue contains articles discussing where leprosy is most prevalent, effects of the disease, as well as current case studies and research articles on how leprosy is treated and diagnosed today.
For these articles and a Foreword by the Editors of this issue, please go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=oc&year=2012&vol=107&num=s1&keys=V107Ns1
Thursday, April 11, 2013
Featured Issue: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz Vol. 107 No. 8
Interested in finding out more about the relationship between the HIV-1 infection and malaria? These two infections are the leading causes of death in Africa. Find out more in the article "Enhanced T cell activation in Plasmodium falciparum malaria-infected human immunodeficiency virus-1 patients from Mozambique" in Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz volume 107, no. 8.
This issue also contains articles on the genus Lutzomyia:
A reminder for all researchers that Bioline abstracts contain species links to CRIA's Scientific Name Search database. Be sure to click on species links in Bioline abstracts to find more information in the Scientific Name Search database!
Wednesday, April 10, 2013
Did you know...
Did you know that Tonic Water contains quinine and was used as treatment decades ago for malaria, but the taste became so popular that people drink it for leisure? If you want to learn more about quinine and other antimalarial compounds read the article by Rocha e Silva et. al., called "In vitro susceptibility of Plasmodium falciparum Welch field isolates to infusions prepared from Artemisia annua L. cultivated in the Brazilian Amazon" published in the vol. 107 no. 7 of Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, where the authors describe 3 antimalarial compounds: chloroquine, quinine and artemisinin.
For access to this article and others from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=oc&year=2012&vol=107&num=07&keys=v107N7
Tuesday, April 09, 2013
Featured Issue: Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
In March, we posted 2 issues of the Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine on Bioline.
The first issue, vol. 10 no. 1, contains an interesting article titled "Correlation between missed abortion and insertional translocation involving chromosomes 1 and 7" by Neveen Ashaar and Ahmed Husseiny. This article discusses the relationship between a missed abortion, also know as a silent miscarriage, and chromosomal changes specfically in chromosomes 1 and 7. Women who had missed abortions in their first trimester and 30 healthy women with no complications during pregnancy (control) were tested. Check out the full article for the results of this study, as well as other articles from the issue at: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=rm&year=2012&vol=10&num=01&keys=V10N1
The second issue, vol. 10 no. 2, features more articles on women's health! This issue was published on the Bioline website a week after International Women's Day (Friday March 8th). Some of the topics include polycystic ovarian syndrome (Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in polycystic ovarian syndrome women in a hospital of Tehran), rabies antibody levels (Rabies antibody levels in pregnant women and their newborns after rabies post-exposure prophylaxis), and severe acute maternal morbidity during the postpartum period (Severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) in postpartum period requiring tertiary Hospital care)
For access to these articles and other articles from this issue, please visit: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=rm&year=2012&vol=10&num=02&keys=V10N2
Monday, April 08, 2013
Featured Issue: Revista Colombia Médica Vol. 43 No. 4
Revista Colombia Médica vol. 43 no. 4 was recently updated on the Bioline website. This issue contains articles exploring cancer. The Editorial for this issue, written by Pelayo Correa, discusses both the implementation and impacts of the Cali Cancer Registry.
Some articles in this issue cover cancer incidence and mortality in four locations:
Friday, April 05, 2013
Did you know...
Did you know that breastfeeding is one of the most important ways of combating infant mortality and undernourishment? If you would like to know more, please read the article "Ecology and policy for exclusive breastfeeding in Colombia: a proposal" in vol. 43 no. 3 of Revista Colombia Médica.
For other articles from this issue, please visit: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=rc&year=2012&vol=43&num=03&keys=V43N3
Wednesday, March 20, 2013
Call For Papers: African Journal of Reproductive Health
The African Journal of Reproductive Health is calling on scholars and authors to submit papers for the AJRH's special issue on HIV/AIDS, to be published in December 2013. Comprehensive reviews, meta-analysis, original research articles, program reports, commentaries as well as opinion pieces related to policies and programs on HIV/AIDS in all parts of Africa are welcomed. Deadline for submission is April 30th, 2013. For further details, click and zoom on the image below:
Featured Issue: Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences Vol. 11 No. 4
The Brazilian Journal of Oral Science vol. 11 no. 4 includes a case report on pediatric angeioedema, a medical condition similar to hives but the swelling is under the skin. It can be caused by food, insect bites, infections and antibiotics. In this case report, angeioedema is examined in children.
Interested? To read more, check out the article "Angioneurotic edema: report of two cases" found in the Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences vol. 11 no. 4.
For other articles in this issue, visit: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=os&year=2012&vol=11&num=04&keys=V11N4
Tuesday, March 19, 2013
Featured Issue: Zoological Research Vol. 33 No. 6
The Zoological Research journal was updated recently on the Bioline website. This topic of the issue, as mentioned in the Foreword by Bingyu Mao, is "Animal Genetic diversity, development and evolution". One of the articles (Evolution of neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid, glutamate and their receptors) contains information on two important amino acid neurotransmitters found in mammals and other organisms: Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate.
Other articles in this issue are centered around phylogenies: The first is about Laurasiatheria (Mammalia) (Summary of Laurasiatheria (Mammalia) Phylogeny) and the second is about the genus Trachypithecus (Molecular phylogeny and divergence time of Trachypithecus:with implications for the taxonomy of T. phayrei)
For access to articles of this special issue, please go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=zr&year=2012&vol=33&num=06&keys=V33N6
Friday, March 15, 2013
Did you know...
Did you know that members of some Nigerian communities eat "calabash chalk," a type of mineral native to Africa made up primarily of fossilized seashells? In particular calabash chalk has been known to relieve morning sickness in pregnant women.
Find out more by reading "Effect of Calabash Chalk on the Histomorphology of the Gastro-Oesophageal Tract of Growing Wistar Rats" in the Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 19, issue 1.
Monday, March 11, 2013
Featured Issue: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences Vol. 18 No. 3 and 4
Issue 3 of vol. 18 of the Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences has been updated on the Bioline website. This issue includes The Relationship between Media Use and Body Mass Index among Secondary Students in Kuching South City, Sarawak, Malaysia, a study done on the relationship between BMI of secondary school students in Kuching South City, Sarawak, Malaysia, and consumption of media. Data was collected from 316 students between the ages of 13 and 17 through both a questionnaire and anthropometric measurement. The results show that boys were found to spend more time using media than girls, and overall media did not affect the body weight of the students.
For the full text and access to other articles from this issue, please go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=mj&keys=V18N3
Vol. 18 has also been updated with no. 4. This issue includes an article called Effects of Duration of Diabetes on Behavioural and Cognitive Parameters in Streptozotocin-Induced Juvenile Diabetic Rats, a study in which infant rats were induced with diabetes. This resulted in severe cognitive dysfunction in the rats. The results of the study showed that if Type-1 diabetes is treated as early as possible, potential cognitive dysfunction side effects can be reduced.
For the full text and access to other articles from vol 18 no. 4, please go to:
Friday, March 08, 2013
Featured Issue: VITAE Academia Biomédica Digital No. 51
Another article, Clinical management, diagnosis and treatment of foreign bodies in the aereodigestive tract in pediatric patients less than five years of age, explores a procedure of diagnosing and treating foreign bodies in children less than five years old. This article stresses the importance of knowing the possibility of children ingesting these foreign bodies and to have it diagnosed to ensure it is treated.
For other articles from this issue, please visit:
Wednesday, February 27, 2013
Did you know...
Did you know that peanuts are one of the most important oilseed crops of the world? The fatty acid composition of peanuts plays an important role in oil quality and change in temperature affects this fatty acid composition!
You can read more about climate change and its effects on peanut acidity levels in Impact of Climate Change on Oil Fatty Acid Composition of Peanut from vol. 72 no. 4 of the Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research.
You can access more full text articles from the Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research vol. 72 no. 4 here:
While you're at it, check out articles from the Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research vol. 72 no. 3 too! The issue is accessible here:
Monday, February 25, 2013
Featured New Issue: East and Central African Journal of Surgery Vol. 17 No. 2
Today we are also featuring vol. 17 no. 12 of the East and Central African Journal of Surgery, updated last week on the Bioline website. One of its articles, Masquelet's Technique for Management of Long Bone Defects: From Experiment to Clinical Application, discusses the treatment of large bone defects using the Masquelet's technique. The Masquelet's technique is based on two principal steps: the formation of induction membrane and cancellous bone grafting.
Vol. 17 no. 12 also includes a study (Burnout Syndrome among Orthopaedic Surgeons in Lagos, Nigeria) on the rate of burnout syndrome among orthopaedic surgeons in Lagos State, Nigeria. 29 surgeons participated in the study by filling out a questionnaire on their demographic details.
For the results of these studies and other articles from this issue, please go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=js&year=2012&vol=17&num=02&keys=V17N2
Featured New Issue: African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development Vol. 12 No. 7
We updated a number of new journal issues on the Bioline International website last week! Among them is vol. 12 no. 7 of the African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. One of the articles in this issue (A Comparison of the Kinetics of Mango Drying in Open-Air, Solar, and Forced-Air Dryers) is an investigation of three different drying methods to preserve mangoes. Using these methods can increase the economic potential of the fruit!
Another article (Survey of Postharvest Handling, Preservation and Processing Practices Along the Camel Milk Chain in Isiolo District, Kenya) is a study on the postharvest handling, preservation, and processing practices of camel milk harvested by pastoralists in Isiolo, Kenya. This study collected information on the storage of camel milk as well as problems experienced by milk traders.
For these articles and more from vol. 12 no. 7, please visit:
Tuesday, February 19, 2013
African Crop Science Journal - vol. 20 no. 4 and vol. 20 supp. 2
Bioline is happy to announce that vol. 20 no. 4 and vol. 20 supplement 2 of the African Crop Science Society's journal have been uploaded to the Bioline website!
Vol. 20 no. 4 of African Crop Science journal covers a range of topics, including the Effect of Nitrogen on Safflower Physiology and Productivity as well as the Impact of Some Climatic and Phenological Parameters on the Callogenesis and Somatic Embryogenesis Variations in Cocoa. The topic of climate is continued in articles through vol. 20 supplement 2. Bagamba, Bashaasha, Claessens and Antle tackle adaptation strategies in response to climate change in their article, titled Assessing Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Strategies for Smallholder Agricultural Systems in Uganda.
Full text PDF articles with abstracts in English and French are available through the following links:
The African Crop Science Society also recently announced that two fully funded Crop Science PhD studentships are available at Lancaster University:
The Lancaster Environment Centre (LEC), Lancaster University, is pleased to announce a significant number of PhD Studentships for October 2013. LEC forms one of the largest centres for environmental research in Europe. LEC's inter-disciplinary research themes focus on atmospheric science, biodiversity and global change, catchment and aquatic processes, environmental geosciences and the relationships between the environment and society. The excellent research environment and facilities these themes offer provides the setting for our PhD training. LEC has 160 full and part time PhD and Masters by Research students who contribute to a vibrant research environment and the research achievements of LEC. Enquiries and applications from well-qualified applicants who wish to join this thriving research community are welcomed.
LEC is pleased to be offering two BBSRC funded PhDs, which are part of a Doctoral Training Programme in Food Security:
Deadline: 22 February
For more information, see: http://www.lec.lancs.ac.uk/postgraduate/pg_news/?article_id=1277
Friday, February 15, 2013
Leslie Chan's Trip to India
Professor Leslie Chan, Director of Bioline International, flew to India in December 2012 to spread the word about Open Access in the cities of Thiruvananthapuram and Mysore. This was his first visit to southern India. Information Consultant and Open Access advocate Subbiah Arunachalam accompanied Prof. Chan on the trip!
Prof. Chan gave two lectures on December 17th: one at the University of Kerala, the other at the National Institute of Interdisciplinary Science & Technology, CSIR. On December 18th, he headed to the Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management – Kerala to deliver a talk titled “Opportunities for Knowledge Management and Open Access”, during which he explored the current status of Open Access, the issues it faces today, and how its impact can be measured. Prof. Chan then traveled to the Mysore University Library on December 19th, where he spoke about the essential role of Open Access in the future and growth of scholarly research during his lecture titled “Emerging Trends in Scholarly Communication and Impact Measures in the Open Knowledge Environment”. His travels concluded on December 20th at the SDM Institute for Management Development. This meeting provided a forum for scientists, librarians and academics to discuss their views and ideas with each other.
For detailed information and photos of his trip, as well as slides of his lectures, please visit: http://cis-india.org/openness/blog/leslie-chan-gives-five-talks-in-india
Thursday, February 14, 2013
Featured Issue: Revista Colombia Médica Vol. 43 No. 1
In the latest issue of Revista Colombia Médica to be uploaded to Bioline International - one study (Blood pressure by age, gender, height, and socioeconomic level in school populations in Cali, Colombia) in issue 1 of vol. 43 looked at the risk factors for blood pressure in children and adolescents, as several other studies have shown that these risk factors are indicators for cardiovascular diseases in later life. For this study, 2807 students in Cali, Colombia had their blood pressured tested as well as blood chemistry, physical work capacity, oral health, diet, and blood pressure. The study also examined the relationship between blood pressure and age, gender, height, body mass index, socioeconomic status and salt intake.
For more articles from vol. 43, no. 1 of Revista Colombia Médica, visit: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=oc&year=2012&vol=107&num=04&keys=V107N4
Tuesday, February 12, 2013
Featured Issue: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz Vol. 107 No. 3, 4 and 5
Today we are featuring Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz vol. 107 no. 3, 4, and 5. Among the articles in no. 3 is one (Prevalence of hepatitis e virus antibodies in individuals exposed to swine in Mato Grosso, Brazil) on a study of participants exposed to swine in Mato, Grosso, Brazil. The study participants were tested for hepatitis E antibodies. Among 310 participants, 8.4% were found to be anti-HEV-positive.
For other articles from this issue, please visit:http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=oc&year=2012&vol=107&num=03&keys=V107N3
No. 4 of vol. 107 includes an article (Evolution of insecticide resistance in non-target black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) from Argentina) on the resistance of black flies to pyrethroids fenvalerate and organophosphate azinphos methyl over a 12-year period, from 1996 to 2008. How many times insecticide is used on the population and how much of it is used at a time were two factors that had to be considered in understanding the evolution of pesticide resistance.
For other articles from vol. 107 no. 4, please visit:
Finally, we now have vol. 107 no. 5 on the Bioline International website. This issue includes an article (Declining prevalence of hepatitis A virus antibodies among children from low socioeconomic groups reinforces the need for the implementation of hepatitis A vaccination in Brazil) about anti hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies tested in children of low socioeconomic status. The study showed that 74.1-90% of children under five are susceptible to HAV infection. It also mentioned that the hepatitis A vaccine currently being offered in the area is too costly for people of low socioeconomic status. The article cries for a call to action for hepatitis A vaccine to be included in the Brazilian National Program for Immunisation.
To access this article and others from vol. 107 no. 5, please visit:
Thursday, February 07, 2013
Featured Issue: African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development Vol. 12 No. 5
In the editorial (Drought in the United States of America: How does it affect Africa) of vol. 12 no. 5 of the African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development the future world hunger crisis is discussed by the Editor-in-Chief, Ruth Oniang’o. She notes that because America’s economy affects the world so greatly, the 2012 summer drought was felt by the entire world. This is due to an increase in food costs as the result of the drought which pushed aid to the developing world further down the list of America’s priorities. In the wake of this event, Oniang’o gives a call to action for African governments to subsidize their farmers. Subsidies will help offset the effects of the droughts that have been experienced in the continent over many years and will also reduce the reliance on world food aid.
Also in this issue, in the article The Role of the Youth in Enhancing Food Security: The untapped potential, George Ooko also addresses food security and how youth development in the agricultural sub-sector can help its advancement.
For full text access to these articles, please visit: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=nd&year=2012&vol=12&num=05&keys=V12N5
Wednesday, February 06, 2013
Introducing you to the rest of the Bioline Team!
On January 24th we posted about the Bioline Team at the University of Toronto Scarborough Campus (UTSC). Today, we would like to introduce you to the other half of the Bioline Team - Sidnei and Luiz at the Reference Center on Environmental Information (CRIA)!
The support of CRIA, based in Brazil, through Sidnei and Luiz's collaboration with the Bioline Team at UTSC is absolutely indispensable to Bioline's operations. Bioline is just one of many projects at CRIA and all server hosting, administration, and server development is provided to Bioline from CRIA on a volunteer basis. We asked Sidnei and Luiz to tell us a little bit more about their work with Bioline...
Sidnei de Souza
Sidnei de Souza has been with Bioline since the beginning! In fact, Sidnei developed the software to make Bioline available online during its formative years. Bioline's system has existed since 1989 and Sidnei has been responsible for updating the software to cope with the many changes in technology over the years to keep Bioline's archives compatible with new systems. Sidnei has said, "BI is a very low key system in terms of software, but for this reason tends to be very robust!" The Bioline Team at UTSC would like to thank Sidnei for all of his help and guidance over the years.
Luiz Henrique Barione
CRIA's primary role in Bioline operations is to keep the system up and running, and process updates requested by the team at UTSC. Luiz Henrique Barione is responsible for updating the material sent to CRIA by Bioline staff at UTSC. Luiz then gives feedback to the UTSC team on any potential problems he finds in the files. Luiz also maintains Bioline's access stats, as well as keeping the basic software up to date. Luiz is also responsible for keeping the Bioline hardware in a good shape, making regular backups, and making sure that the connectivity is guaranteed. Thank you, Luiz, for all of your hard work!
Featured Issue: Biokemistri Vol. 24 No. 1 and 2
Biokemistri’s first issue of vol. 24 includes an article (Biochemical and histological changes associated with treatment of malaria and diabetes mellitus in mice with extracts of Mormodiaca charantia) on the effects of the methanolic extract of Momordica charantia leaves tested on mice infected with malaria. The results showed that haemoglobin and red blood cell count in the mice increased. It also showed that the blood glucose levels of those treated with the extract decreased significantly.
This issue also includes the article Consequences of long-term consumption of water from Nworie River (Owerri, Nigeria) on haematological, hepatic, and renal functions using rat model, which describes the effects of Nworie River water, located in Owerri, Nigeria. The experiment used testing water from Nworie River. One group of test rats drank Nworie River water, while the other test group drank purified Coca-cola bottled water. The results showed that drinking Nworie River water affected the liver adequacy of the test rats. The experiment concluded that Nworie River water also affected their haematological, hepatic and renal function.
For full text access to these and other articles from this issue, go to:
The second issue of vol. 24 of Biokemistri was posted to the Bioline International website in December 2012. This issue includes another article on water testing, titled Enterotoxicigenicity profile of Escherichia coli, Vibrio, and Salmonella species isolated from well and river water sources in Oproama town in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. This article discusses the well water of Oproama Town in Rivers state, Nigeria, which was tested for Escherichia coli, Vibrio and Salmonella species. The results showed there was a near absence of Escherichia coli, Vibrio and Salmonella, and doubtful toxicity of Salmonella isolate. The article also called for more and continuous testing on the safety of water, as hand-dug wells are the only source of drinking water in this region.
Vol. 24's second issue also includes an article, Toxic effect of carica papaya bark on body weight, haematology, and some biochemical parameters, on the effects of Carica papaya bark consumed by a group of test rats. The results showed that Carica papaya bark had a toxic effect on the body weight, haemotology and biochemical parameters of the test rats. Carica papaya was also used subject of research in another article (Long-term effects of three hypoglycaemic plants (Irvingia gabonensis, Urena lobata and Carica papaya) on the oxidative status of normal rabbits) to study its long-term effects on the oxidative state of rabbits.
For full text access to these and other articles from this issue, go to: http://www.bioline.org.br/titles?id=bk&year=2012&vol=24&num=02&keys=V24N2
Friday, January 25, 2013
Featured New Issue: Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research Vol. 11 No. 4
The Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research has recently been updated on the Bioline website with vol. 11 no. 4! This issue includes studies based in Malaysia, the United Arab Emirates and Pakistan.
One study on self-medication practice among university students in southwestern Nigeria reveals that self-medicating is more common among older students, ages 25 to 55, than younger students, ages 15 to 24. The study also reports that females self-medicated more than males. Among undergraduates, self-medication was found to increase as the students’ class level in the university increased. The study concludes that self-medication is significantly associated with age, gender, and students’ class level at the university.