About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News

African Health Sciences
Makerere University Medical School
ISSN: 1680-6905 EISSN: 1729-0503
Vol. 1, Num. 1, 2001, pp. 1
Untitled Document

African Health Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 1, August, 2001, pp. 1


African Health Sciences: the journal that will fill the evidence based practice void in Africa.

J Tumwine

Makerere Medical School, Kampala, Uganda

Code Number: hs01001


African Health Sciences: the journal that will fill the evidence based practice void in Africa.

Welcome to this maiden issue of African Health Sciences! Well, it has had a very long gestation period! So why this new journal by the Makerere Faculty of Medicine?

There is now urgent need for evidence based practice whether in public health, clinical practice or when tackling pressing development issues such as HIV/AIDS, the tobacco scourge or the health needs of the urban poor. Increasingly health, policy and development practitioners have had to rely on information generated by western researchers and their institutions. Yet this information may have little relevance to conditions in Africa.

Therefore the establishment of a credible medium and data - base for the exchange of the most current health and development information is critical.

Researchers and health, policy and development practitioners attempting to publish their work may be too timid to publish in western journals or these journals may, more often than not, reject work, which is not so relevant to practice in the western countries. Their work therefore may remain unpublished. Such researchers and practitioners get discouraged and they might stop attempting to publish, and eventually they drop out of research altogether!

Another unfortunate trend is for s and researchers to focus on areas which may not be of national or regional priority but which would find more acceptability in foreign non-African journals. Local health problems may remain unsolved. While there are a couple of regular medical journals in the region, there is no regular multidisciplinary publication putting emphasis on evidence based practice across the fields of health, policy, research and development.

Challenges and unique opportunities:

The new millennium has ushered in new challenges and opportunities. Thus there is more emphasis now on working with the civil society in issues of governance, accountability decentralization and engaging the private sector in resource mobilization and health care provision. Then there is the HIV/AIDS issue, the emergence of new epidemics of malaria, Ebola and others in view of the collapse of the state in many countries.

The issue of conflict and its consequences including gender inequities are all challenges that the traditional health sector never prepared its workers to tackle. Yet innovative approaches such as the effective onchocerciasis work in West Africa pioneered by the WHO AFRO director, Dr. Samba, are examples to be emulated.

Such work whether at local or national level needs to be communicated to the wider audience so that other people have a chance to adapt it to their local situation and to scale it up in country where this is possible.

The documentation and publication of such experiences is a daunting task that challenges the overburdened and often under-resourced health care system. The Makerere Faculty of Medicine has risen to the challenge by starting the publication of the multidisciplinary African Health Sciences.


In order to fulfill its mandate African Health Sciences has clear objectives, which include:

  • Advocate for, and promote the growth of a reading culture in the sub Saharan Africa.
  • Provide a high quality journal (African Health Sciences) in which health policy and other researchers and practitioners in the region and worldwide, can publish their work
  • Promote relevant health system research and publication in the region including alternative means of health care financing, the burden and solution of health problems in marginalized urban and rural communities, amongst the displaced and others affected by conflict.
  • Promote research and systematic collection and collation and publication of data on diseases and conditions of inequity and affluence.
  • Promote development of evidence-based policies and guidelines for clinical, public health and other practitioners.


African Health Sciences will uphold high standards of professional ethics and practice using scientific merit, originality and relevance as the yardsticks by which to judge articles for publication. We shall, as much as possible, provide constructive guidance and advice and make professional help to those whose command of the English language might not be adequate. We shall not accept any donations from tobacco companies given the deleterious effect of tobacco smoking on health.

What is in this issue?

In this issue we bring you several original articles.

Dr. Erume and colleagues report results of their study on intranasal administration of measles vaccine while Kiwanuka and Mwanga share their experience with pyogenic meningitis in Mbarara Hopsital in Uganda. Olwa odyek and collaeagues report results of their study on the antimicrobiol effects of an endangered African tree, while Sekirime’ findings on the attitude and sexual behaviour of University students give us another angle of health promotion given the HIV/AIDS pandemic.

There are several case reports on African Histoplasmosis simulating Pott’s disease, use of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of splenic rupture and an interesting case of empty sell syndrome.

Under the’ practice points’ section we bring you current recommendations for cotrimoxazole chemoprophylaxis in adults and children with HIV/AIDS and a review of the value of nevirapine in the prevention and treatment of HIV infection.

Dr. Weeks reviews that important organ: the placenta, while Susan Rifkin who is a world expert on community participation has reviewed ten best readings in community participation and health. Our people are the most valued resource! We must find innovative ways to enable us contribute to making their health better. African Health Sciences will be your partner in this process.


  • Erume J, Partidos H: Evaluation of the adjuvant effect of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin mutant (LTK63) on the systemic immune responses to intranasally co-administered measles virus nucleoprotein. Part I: Antibody responses. African Health Sciences 2001: 1(1): 3-8.
  • Kiwanuka JP, Mwanga J Childhood bacterial meningitis in Mbarara Hospital, Uganda: antimicrobial susceptibility and outcome of treatment. African Health Sciences 2001: 1(1): 9-11.
  • Olila, D, Opuda-Asibo J, and Olwa-Odyek Bioassay-guided studies on the cytotoxic and in vitro trypanocidal activities of a sesquiterpene (Muzigadial) derived from a Ugandan medicinal plant (Warburgia ugandensis). African Health Sciences 2001 1(1): 12-15
  • Sekirime WK, Tamale J, Lule JC, Wabwire-Mangen F: Knowledge, attitude and practice about sexually transmitted diseases among university students in Kampala. African Health Sciences 2001; 1(1): 16-22
  • Makoba IG: Splenic injury following trauma: The role of ultrasonography. African Health Sciences 2001: 1(1): 23-25.
  • Luutu I, Empty sella syndrome: incidential findings at computerised tomography. African Health Sciences 2001; 1(1): 26-27.
  • Musoke F, Spinal African histoplamosis simulating tuberculous spondylitis: A case report. African Health Sciences 2001; 1(1): 28-29.
  • Provisional WHO/UNAIDS Secretariat Recommendations on the Use of Cotrimoxazole Prophylaxis in Adults and Children Living with HIV/AIDS in Africa. [World Health Organization/UNAIDS] Geneva, October, 2000. African Health Sciences 2001; 1(1): 30-31.
  • Nevirapine: An Option For Preventing as Well as Treating Paediatric HIV Infection. African Health Sciences 2001; 1(1): 32-35
  • Weeks AD, The Retained Placenta, African Health Sciences 2001; 1(1): 36-41.
  • Rifkin SB: Ten Best Readings on Community Participation and Health. African Health Sciences 2001; 1(1): 42-45.
  • Neurosurgery in the tropics: A practical approach to common problems By Jeffrey V. Rosenfeld MBBS, MS, FRACS, FRCS (Ed), FACS, FACTM and David A.K Watters ChM, FRACS, FRCS (Ed) Macmillan Education LTD 2000, Price $ 50 US ISBN 0-333-68412-5. Book Review by Owor G and Lett R. African Health Sciences 2001; 1(1): 46.
  • Kibirige MS, Paediatric and Neonatal Resuscitation. African Health Sciences 2001; 1(1): 47-49

Copyright 2001 - Makerere Medical School, Uganda

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2024, Site last up-dated on 01-Sep-2022.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Google Cloud Platform, GCP, Brazil