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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 11, Num. 2, 2004, pp. 174-174

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 2, July 2004, pp. 174-174

LETTER TO EDITOR

POOR PERCEPTION OF SUBJECTIVE CHANGE IN BREATHLESSNESS- A RANDOMIZED, CROSSOVER, PLACEBO CONTROLLED STUDY OF ASTHMATIC SUBJECTS

Li-Cher Loh, Jacynta Jayaram, Clarence Kavetha, Sue Jiun Wong

Department of Medicine, International Medical University, Clinical School, Seremban

Code Number: mj04027

Dear Editor,

As part of a study to validate a new assessment tool (three-minute respiratory exercise test, 3MRET) 1, 14 asthmatic subjects [mean (95%): age, 39 (2750) yrs, FEV1, 63 (57- 68)% predicted normal; male, 42%] were randomized to receiving either nebulised 10mg bricanyl (active) or normal saline (placebo), in a crossover, double-blind study. The mean percentage (95% Cl) FEV1 change after nebulised active and placebo agents were +23 (+8 to +38) and 0 (-6 to +5) respectively.

Subjects were asked as to whether they were less breathless (score=1), more breathless (score=2) or did not sense any change or were not sure (score=3) after each nebulisation. All 14 subjects reported a score of 1 when administered active agent. Only 2 subjects correctly scored 3 when administered placebo while the rest reported a score of 1. None of the subjects reported a score of 2.

When Perception of Dyspnoea (POD) index based on 3MRET 1 was used, 9 subjects correctly recorded a reduction of POD when administered active agent and 10 subjects correctly recorded an equivocal POD index (taken arbitrarily as change of <13, a figure taken from the lower bound of 95% confidence level of the mean increase). Based on these figures, the subjective sense of change in breathlessness has a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of only 16%, while POD index has a sensitivity of 60% and a specificity of 77%.

Taken together, the findings highlighted the unreliability of subjective perception in changes of breathlessness among asthmatic subjects 2 3. Symptoms limiting exercise test like 3MRET that is based on maximal repetitive inspiratory efforts capable of an individual within 3 minutes 1 may have a role in improving the detection of changes in POD. The implication on POD is huge since asthma management is primarily symptom-directed. The ability to improve the awareness of breathlessness or changes in breathlessness, by patients and clinicians will represent an important milestone in the management of asthma.

References
  1. Incentive spirometry as a means to score breathlessness. Li-Cher LOH, Pek-Ngor TEH, Sree RAMAN, Pillai Vijayasingham, Tarmizi Thayaparan (Original article submitted to The Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences)
  2. Teeter JG, Bleecker ER. Relationship between airway obstruction and respiratory symptoms in adult asthmatics. Chest 1998; 113(2): 272-7
  3. Manning HL, Schwartzstein RM. Respiratory sensations in asthma: physiological and implications. J Asthma 2001; 38(6): 447-60.
© Copyright 2004 - Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
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